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Is CPTED Useful to Guide the Inventory of Safety in Parks?: A Study Case in Stockholm, Sweden
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8525-3362
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Samhällsplanering och miljö, Urbana och regionala studier.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5302-1698
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 150-168Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) has long been suggested as a guideline for improving safety in neighborhoods. Yet, little is known about the application of CPTED to urban parks. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adequacy of CPTED principles in guiding the inventory of safety conditions of an urban park. The study begins with a review of the development of CPTED ideas and then focuses on the inspection of a park with a relatively high level of crime in the city of Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. Site observations, parks inspection, crime mapping of police-recorded data, and interviews with selected users and municipal stakeholders underpin the methodology used in this study. Findings indicate that design and management of the park affect the park’s safety conditions—attributes that are easily identifiable when using CPTED as guidance. The article concludes with several general lessons from using CPTED principles to inventory safety in parks.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Sage Publications, 2015. Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 150-168
Emneord [en]
crime, green areas, perceived safety, physical environment, Sweden
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194663DOI: 10.1177/1057567716639353Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84968782905OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-194663DiVA, id: diva2:1050424
Merknad

QC 20161129

Tilgjengelig fra: 2016-11-29 Laget: 2016-10-31 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Park Matters:: Studies on Safety and Property Values
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Park Matters:: Studies on Safety and Property Values
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This study develops a better understanding of the nature of urban parks from a safety perspective in two international contexts. To achieve this aim, the study is divided into two geographical scales (a macro scale and a micro scale) that test a set of quantitative and qualitative research methods. The macro-scale analysis provides an overall view of the effects of parks in the neighbourhood and at the city level. A particular focus is given to the impact of parks on housing prices. Overall, the findings show that parks function as an amenity that contributes to urban quality, which in turn influences property prices in Stockholm. However, this effect depends on a number of factors such as park type, location, and the level of safety and security of the parks. Safety also matters: Parks embedded in area with high-crime rates are less valued than in areas with low-crime rates. The micro-scale of study focuses on parks as a unit of analysis and looks at the environment of parks and how it triggers crime and affects people’s safety. The first analysis is based on whether—and, if so, how—park environments affect safety (crime occurrence) using the principles of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) as an inventory tool in a park in an area with a high-crime rate in Stockholm, Sweden. Building on the methodology from the first study, the second study investigates the nature of women-only parks (WOPs) in Karachi, Pakistan, by looking at both the environment of the parks and the users’ and non-users’ perceptions of safety. Regardless of context, the findings show that the safety conditions of a park are highly associated with the park’s environment (design and management features). Of importance to park safety are park size in relation to the number of access routes (entrance and exit points), the opportunities for surveillance in relation to the maintenance and the lighting conditions in parks. A clear lesson is that a CPTED-informed park design promotes guardianship and therefore should be encouraged, regardless of whether it is located in Stockholm or Karachi. However, the urban context does matter to park safety conditions and is highly dependent on the local, city-wide, and national contexts in which the park is embedded.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. s. 90
Serie
TRITA-FOB ; 2017:8
Emneord
Urban parks, safety, hedonic modelling, CPTED, and women-only parks
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Fastigheter och byggande
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217537 (URN)978-91-85783-82-3 (ISBN)
Disputas
2017-12-05, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 14:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-1189
Merknad

QC 20171114

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-14 Laget: 2017-11-14 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-15bibliografisk kontrollert

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