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Projecting Urban Natures: Investigating integrative approaches to urban development and nature conservation
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Arkitektur, Kritiska studier i arkitektur.
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Projecting Urban Natures is a compilation thesis in critical studies in architecture. It comprises three journal articles and four design proposals in which I have taken an active part. The point of departure for this thesis is the renewed emphasis on social-ecological interaction and resilience that is currently taking place within ecological systems science, and the opportunities that these paradigmatic insights in turn have opened up within urbanism and design. The thesis argues that although they are promising, these emerging integrative frameworks are seldom brought into mainstream planning and urban design practice. Instead, the structuring of “nature” and “city” into a dualistic balance relationship still permeates not only the general planning discourse, but also makes its way into planning documents, notably influencing distinctions between professions. In response, this thesis sets out to rethink and explore more integrated approaches to human/nature relationships, through the utilization of design-based and transdisciplinary research methods. While this core aim of the thesis remains the same throughout the work, the task is approached from different perspectives: through different constellations of collaborative work as well as through parallel case-based explorations that emphasize the relational, anti-essentialist and situated articulation of values of urban natures and how these forces come into play. The work has been propelled through workshop-based, site-specific, and experimental design processes with professionals and researchers from the fields of e.g. systems ecology, natural resource management, political ecology, urban design, architecture, and landscape design, as well as planners, developers, local interest groups, and NGOs. Specifically, projects performed within this thesis include: Nature as an Infrastructural Potential – An Urban Strategy for Järvafältet; Kymlinge UrbanNatur together with NOD, Wingårdhs, MUST and Storylab; Årsta Urban Natures with James Corner Field Operations and Buro Happold; and Albano Resilient Campus — a collaboration between Stockholm Resilience Centre, KTH and KIT.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017.
Serie
TRITA-ARK. Akademisk avhandling, ISSN 1402-7461 ; 17:03
Nyckelord [en]
research through design; interdisciplinary; transdisciplinary; resilience, legibility; landscape urbanism; ecological urbanism; Stockholm; Green Wedges; projective narratives; comprehensive narratives; prototyping; ecosystem services; urban nature conservation
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkitektur
Forskningsämne
Arkitektur
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217153ISBN: 9789177295518 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-217153DiVA: diva2:1154184
Disputation
2017-12-01, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20171102

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-07 Skapad: 2017-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Challenging dichotomies: exploring resilience as an integrative and operative conceptual framework for large-scale urban green structures
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Challenging dichotomies: exploring resilience as an integrative and operative conceptual framework for large-scale urban green structures
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Planning Theory & Practice, ISSN 1464-9357, E-ISSN 1470-000X, Vol. 14, nr 3, 349-372 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban planners and urban planning as a field face a major challenge in balancing urban development interests against the need to safeguard socially equitable and ecologically functional green space. This need is still commonly seen through a modernist lens, whereby large-scale green areas are viewed as an antithesis to the city, creating a polarised landscape seemingly free from cross-scale social and ecological interactions. This study reports on a transdisciplinary work process that aimed to challenge this polarisation by exploring more integrative and operative planning approaches to large-scale urban green structures, using the concept of resilience, both as a theoretical umbrella and in relation to a case study in Stockholm, Sweden. The exploration took the form of a series of workshops in which professionals from the fields of planning, urban design, ecology, landscape architecture, and environmental history, as well as city-wide and regional planning, took part. Throughout the process, tentative designs served as "touchstones", bringing questions from a theoretical level to a hands-on, specific, local context. This paper identifies three ways that resilience science can be useful in the planning and management of large urban green structures. Firstly, resilience can introduce complexity and thus make visible synergies and "win-win" situations within planning. Secondly, in highlighting change, resilience can offer alternatives to present conservationist perspectives on green space planning and thus offer constructive ways out of planning-related deadlocks. Thirdly, resilience can be advantageously combined with the concept of "legibility" in clarifying common goals and thus helping to build a constituency which will sustain large-scale green structures over time.

Nyckelord
green wedges, integrative and operative approaches, nature conservation, resilience, Stockholm, Sweden, transdisciplinary, urban development
Nationell ämneskategori
Arkitektur Landskapsarkitektur
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-133811 (URN)10.1080/14649357.2013.813960 (DOI)2-s2.0-84884490496 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20131204

Tillgänglig från: 2013-12-04 Skapad: 2013-11-11 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-06Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Of Plants, High Lines and Horses: Civics and Designers in the Relational Articulation of Values of Urban Natures
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Of Plants, High Lines and Horses: Civics and Designers in the Relational Articulation of Values of Urban Natures
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Landscape and Urban Planning, ISSN 0169-2046, E-ISSN 1872-6062, Vol. 157, 309-321 s.Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper addresses three interventions into urban green spaces—a wetland in Cape Town, a post- industrial site in New York, and a park outside London. Through their different contexts, they help to grasp a wider phenomenon: the protection of urban nature through the development of protective narratives. We analyze these interventions as examples of “value articulation”, which we view as a relational and sociomaterial practice that requires the enrolment of people, plants, and things that together perform, spread, and deploy stories about why given places need protection. For each case study, we also highlight the moments when narrative practices move beyond mere protection and start to change the very context in which they were developed. We refer to these as projective narratives, emphasizing how novel values and uses are projected onto these spaces, opening them up for reworking. Our analyses of these successful attempts to protect land demonstrate how values emerge as part of inclusive, yet specific, narratives that mobilize and broaden support and constituencies. By constructing spatial linkages, such narratives embed places in wider geographical ‘wholes’ and we observe how the physical landscape itself becomes an active narrative element. In contrast to rationalist and external frameworks for analyzing values in relation to urban natures (e.g., ecosystem services), our ‘bottom-up’ mode situates urban nature in specific contexts, helping us to profoundly rethink planning and practice in order to (i) challenge expert categories and city/nature dichotomies; (ii) provide vernacular ways of knowing/understanding; and (iii) rethink the role of urban designers.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2017
Nationell ämneskategori
Kulturgeografi
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-192256 (URN)10.1016/j.landurbplan.2016.05.018 (DOI)000390183300029 ()2-s2.0-84982273772 (Scopus ID)
Projekt
MOVE Socioecological movements in urbanised ecosystems
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences and Spatial Planning, 211-2011-1519
Anmärkning

QC 20160908

Tillgänglig från: 2016-09-08 Skapad: 2016-09-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-21Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Towards A Social-Ecological Urbanism: Co-producing knowledge through design in the Albano Resilient Campus project in Stockholm
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Towards A Social-Ecological Urbanism: Co-producing knowledge through design in the Albano Resilient Campus project in Stockholm
(Engelska)Manuskript (preprint) (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

If we are to promote urban sustainability and resilience, social-ecological knowledge must be better integrated in urban planning and design projects. Due to gaps in the two cultures of thinking associated with the disciplines of ecology and design, such integration has, however, proven challenging. In mainstream practice, ecologists often act as sub-consultants; they are seldom engaged in the creative and conceptual phases of the process. Conversely, research aiming to bridgethe gap between design and ecology has tended to be dominated by arelatively static and linear outlook on what the design process is, and what it could be. Further, few concrete examples of the co-production of ecological and design knowledge exist. In this paper, we give an account of a transdisciplinary design proposal for Albano Resilient Campus in Stockholm, discussing how design – seen as a process and an assemblage of artifacts – can act as a framework for co-producing knowledge and operationalizing concepts of resilience and ecosystem services. Througha design-based and action-oriented approach, we discuss how such a collaborative design process may integrate ecological knowledge into urban design through three concrete practices: a) iterative prototyping and generative matrix models; b) designerly mediators or “touchstones”; and c) legible, open-ended, comprehensive narratives. In the conclusion, we sketch the contours of a social-ecological urbanism, speculatingon possible broader and changed roles for ecologists, designers, and associated actors within this framework.

Nyckelord
Social-Ecological Urbanism; design theory; resilience; ecosystem services; transdisciplinary; prototyping; co-design
Nationell ämneskategori
Humaniora och konst
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217146 (URN)
Anmärkning

QCR 20171102

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-01 Skapad: 2017-11-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-02Bibliografiskt granskad

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