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Determinants of Bus Riding Time Deviations: Relationship between Driving Patterns and Transit Performance
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering. Delft Univ Technol, Dept Transport & Planning, NL-2600 GA Delft, Netherlands..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4506-0459
2019 (English)In: JOURNAL OF TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING PART A-SYSTEMS, ISSN 2473-2907, Vol. 145, no 1, article id 04018078Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban bus services e subject to high levels of uncertainty and disturbances. Methods to determine the timetable are designed to absorb variations in riding times between stops by allocating additional travel time. The propagation of service unreliability along the route could be restrained by drivers' adjustment at stops and between stops. This paper analyzes the main determinants of bus riding times deviations based on automatic vehicle location (AVL) data from four trunk lines in Stockholm, Sweden. The analysis indicates that drivers can and do adjust their speeds in response to instantaneous real-time schedule adherence information, although these adjustments depend on the underlying control scheme: locations where the performance is measured. A model for bus riding time deviations was estimated with autoregressive effects, performance indicators, link characteristics, and trip attributes as the explanatory factors. The results can support the development of travel time prediction and real-time control strategies that take drivers' response to operations into account. This highlights the importance of the human factor in designing control schemes and the corresponding transit performance evaluation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
ASCE-AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS , 2019. Vol. 145, no 1, article id 04018078
Keywords [en]
Public transportation, Delay time, Bus vehicles, Time factors, Driver behavior, Scheduling
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239745DOI: 10.1061/JTEPBS.0000201ISI: 000450405700002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055948793OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-239745DiVA, id: diva2:1277169
Note

QC 20190109

Available from: 2019-01-09 Created: 2019-01-09 Last updated: 2019-01-09Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf