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Fundamental frequency disturbances in female and male singers' pitch glides through long tube with varied resistancesa
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Intelligent systems, Speech, Music and Hearing, TMH. Univ Coll Mus Educ Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7234-7551
Natl Distance Educ Univ UNED, Fac Educ, Dept Didact Sch Org & Special Didact, Madrid 28040, Spain..
Karolinska Inst, Dept Clin Sci Intervent & Technol, Div Speech & Language Pathol, Stockholm, Sweden..
2023 (English)In: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, ISSN 0001-4966, E-ISSN 1520-8524, Vol. 154, no 2, p. 801-807Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Source-filter interaction can disturb vocal fold vibration frequency. Resonance frequency/bandwidth ratios (Q-values) may affect such interaction. Occurrences of fundamental frequency (f(o)) disturbances were measured in ascending pitch glides produced by four female and five male singers phonating into a 70 cm long tube. Pitch glides were produced with varied resonance Q-values of the vocal tract + tube compound (VT + tube): (i) tube end open, (ii) tube end open with nasalization, and (iii) with a piece of cotton wool in the tube end (conditions Op, Ns, and Ct, respectively). Disturbances of f(o) were identified by calculating the derivative of the low-pass filtered f(o) curve. Resonance frequencies of the compound VT+tube system were determined from ringings and glottal aspiration noise observed in narrowband spectrograms. Disturbances of f(o) tended to occur when a partial was close to a resonance of the compound VT+tube system. The number of such disturbances was significantly lower when the resonance Q-values were reduced (conditions Ns and Ct), particularly for the males. In some participants, resonance Q-values seemed less influential, suggesting little effect of source-filter interaction. The study sheds light on factors affecting source-filter interaction and f(o) control and is, therefore, relevant to voice pedagogy and theory of voice production.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Acoustical Society of America (ASA) , 2023. Vol. 154, no 2, p. 801-807
National Category
Music
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-334706DOI: 10.1121/10.0020569ISI: 001045013800006PubMedID: 37556565Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85167533243OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-334706DiVA, id: diva2:1791008
Note

QC 20230824

Available from: 2023-08-24 Created: 2023-08-24 Last updated: 2023-08-24Bibliographically approved

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Sundberg, Johan

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