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Applying the Swedish urban typology in the city of Karlstad: neighborhood conceptualizations for urban development and transformation in the 21st century
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap.
(engelsk)Manuskript (preprint) (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Many Swedish as many European cities experienced a similar history of urbanization, architectural styles and planning paradigms. Most of the Swedish neighborhoods originate or were modified in the 20th century and many of them, often copyrighted by architects and planners, have been preserved as they were designed. The fundamental urban challenge in this century is to find ways of urban redevelopment, transformation and adaptation of these neighborhoods to futures of social and environmental changes.

The type in urban morphology is the encompassing category that fuses form with time and space and there is a long tradition and established schools in Europe which document the consistencies between urban form, history and society. In this article I analyze the neighborhoods in the city of Karlstad via the previously defined Swedish urban typology. The results show high explanation coefficients and low deviations. The typological neighborhoods have similar urban densities, either as population or work places per hectare or as floor area ratios (FAR) and some neighborhood types even deviate little in income. This allows discussions about urban densities, redevelopment and transformation without really talking about coefficients or numbers.

The results awake a palette of debates. How stereotypical are the urban neighborhoods today and how and should we make them more unique? Are there other alternatives for the 21st century than the urban typologies from the past? Is conceptualizing neighborhoods through typologies enough for urban transformation?

Emneord [en]
urban morphology, typological method, urban transformation, urban form, Karlstad, Sweden
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-211711OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-211711DiVA, id: diva2:1130522
Merknad

QC 20170810

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-08-10 Laget: 2017-08-10 Sist oppdatert: 2017-08-10bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Bus rapid transit (BRT) and transitoriented development (TOD): How to transform and adjust the Swedish cities for attractive bus systems like BRT? What demands BRT?
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Bus rapid transit (BRT) and transitoriented development (TOD): How to transform and adjust the Swedish cities for attractive bus systems like BRT? What demands BRT?
2013 (engelsk)Licentiatavhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

Bus rapid transit (BRT) is an innovative bus system with sophisticated vehicles and inflexible busways integrated in the cities, high capacity and high quality, high speed and frequency, distinctive image and comfort. Many in Sweden believe that is impossible to introduce BRT, even though the Swedish towns and cities can benefit from the image, speed and frequency that BRT symbolizes. The archipelago-like urbanization, urban sprawl and the uncompetitive journey times of public transportation compared with the private car are identified as main obstacles. New questions emerged: Is it possible to transform and adjust the Swedish towns and cities for BRT? What demands BRT? How is transit-oriented development (TOD) applicable in a Swedish context as a policy to integrate cities and BRT?

In this licentiate thesis I investigate the interrelationship between bus transportation and neighborhoods, between BRT and urban form as well as the possibilities to introduce busways and BRT, to trigger TOD and to transform the Swedish towns and cities for BRT. Much has been written about BRT, but seldom by architects or urban planners and designers. BRT and TOD are seen though urban form and processes of urbanization within a morphological tradition established by Kevin Lynch. BRT is represented by paths and nodes that disperse distinctive attractiveness pattern of desirability cores that shape neighborhoods as districts. TOD is about synchronizing the everyday urban life with public transportation systems. BRT-TOD is defined as a policy to recognize desirability cores spread by the different infrastructures of BRT and promote development of urban form within their attractiveness pattern at urban and regional scale. BRT-TOD is discussed as a concept of BRT metropolis in context of the urbanization of Swedish towns and cities.

 TOD is defined morphologically as public transport cities. A public transport city is a city that in its development adapted to specific public transportation systems. TOD is nothing new in Europe or Sweden. To find regularities of the effect of public transportation systems on cities I do a historical overview of the Swedish towns and cities. In the end the position of bus and BRT, public transport cities and TOD and possibilities of future urban transformation of the smaller and larger Swedish cities towards BRT metropolises are discussed in context of today’s “‘system’ of automobility” and widespread car society and the emerging knowledge society and its postmodern fringes of urbanization.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2013. s. xvi, 89
Serie
TRITA-TEC-LIC, ISSN 1653-445X ; 13:007
Emneord
bus rapid transit (BRT), transit-oriented development (TOD), bus transportation, neighborhood, urban form, urban morphology, urbanization
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Transportvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-128526 (URN)978-91-87353-16-1 (ISBN)
Presentation
2013-09-11, L1, Drottning Kristinas väg 30, KTH, Stockholm, 13:30 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Forskningsfinansiär
VINNOVA, 2009-01233
Merknad

QC 20130917

Tilgjengelig fra: 2013-09-17 Laget: 2013-09-12 Sist oppdatert: 2019-05-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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