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Park Proximity, Crime and Apartment Prices
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för bank och finans, Cefin. KTH.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8525-3362
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Bygg- och fastighetsekonomi. KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Centra, Centrum för bank och finans, Cefin.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9944-0510
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) In press
Abstract [en]

Parks and open green spaces are an important part of the city landscape. Although studies show that proximity to parks and open green spaces has a mostly positive impact on house prices, several studies also report that crime in parks can affect buyers’ perceptions, making nearby properties less desirable. We examine the effects of park proximity and crime in parks on apartment prices by using geographic information systems and hedonic modelling. Our results indicate that grass parks and park blocks are more desirable than landscape parks and neighbourhood parks in Stockholm. Our findings also confirm that parks in Stockholm’s city centre have a greater impact than parks on the periphery of Stockholm. Low-crime parks affect apartment prices positively.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017.
Emneord [en]
Parks, crime, hedonic prices, distance to park
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217512OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-217512DiVA, id: diva2:1156668
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-1189
Merknad

QC 20171114

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-13 Laget: 2017-11-13 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-14bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Park Matters:: Studies on Safety and Property Values
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Park Matters:: Studies on Safety and Property Values
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

This study develops a better understanding of the nature of urban parks from a safety perspective in two international contexts. To achieve this aim, the study is divided into two geographical scales (a macro scale and a micro scale) that test a set of quantitative and qualitative research methods. The macro-scale analysis provides an overall view of the effects of parks in the neighbourhood and at the city level. A particular focus is given to the impact of parks on housing prices. Overall, the findings show that parks function as an amenity that contributes to urban quality, which in turn influences property prices in Stockholm. However, this effect depends on a number of factors such as park type, location, and the level of safety and security of the parks. Safety also matters: Parks embedded in area with high-crime rates are less valued than in areas with low-crime rates. The micro-scale of study focuses on parks as a unit of analysis and looks at the environment of parks and how it triggers crime and affects people’s safety. The first analysis is based on whether—and, if so, how—park environments affect safety (crime occurrence) using the principles of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) as an inventory tool in a park in an area with a high-crime rate in Stockholm, Sweden. Building on the methodology from the first study, the second study investigates the nature of women-only parks (WOPs) in Karachi, Pakistan, by looking at both the environment of the parks and the users’ and non-users’ perceptions of safety. Regardless of context, the findings show that the safety conditions of a park are highly associated with the park’s environment (design and management features). Of importance to park safety are park size in relation to the number of access routes (entrance and exit points), the opportunities for surveillance in relation to the maintenance and the lighting conditions in parks. A clear lesson is that a CPTED-informed park design promotes guardianship and therefore should be encouraged, regardless of whether it is located in Stockholm or Karachi. However, the urban context does matter to park safety conditions and is highly dependent on the local, city-wide, and national contexts in which the park is embedded.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. s. 90
Serie
TRITA-FOB ; 2017:8
Emneord
Urban parks, safety, hedonic modelling, CPTED, and women-only parks
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Fastigheter och byggande
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217537 (URN)978-91-85783-82-3 (ISBN)
Disputas
2017-12-05, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 14:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Research Council Formas, 259-2012-1189
Merknad

QC 20171114

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-14 Laget: 2017-11-14 Sist oppdatert: 2017-11-15bibliografisk kontrollert

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