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An Experiment in Ethiopia: The Chilalo Agricultural Development Unit and Swedish Development Aid to Haile Selassie’s Ethiopia, 1964–1974
Filosofi och historia, KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Filosofi och teknikhistoria, Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö.
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Comparativ: Zeitschrift für Globalgeschichte und vergleichende Gesellschaftsforschung, ISSN 0940-3566, Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 54-74Artikkel i tidsskrift (Annet vitenskapelig) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper examines a Swedish-led integrated rural development project, the Chilalo Agricultural Development Unit (CADU) in Ethiopia’s Arussi province. Designed by a group of experts from the Agricultural College of Sweden, CADU was the first significant Swedish attempt at transferring agronomical knowledge to the global South in the context of development aid. It intended to generate socio-economic development through a broad range of efforts, but with the core of the project being agricultural experimentation geared towards increasing small-farm production of cereal crops.

A defining feature of CADU was that its development and technology transfer strategy came to be deeply connected to techno-scientific traditions at the Agricultural College. This meant that its strategies reflected a Swedish national style of agricultural development that was characterized by strong attention to local agricultural environments but a limited sensitivity toward social factors. The attention to the local contributed to making it one of the few really effective implementations of the Green Revolution technologies in Africa in its time, while the comparative lack of attention to social factors resulted in mixed peasant response and in social inequalities being exacerbated as an effect of the project’s activities. As a result of its focus on poor peasants in the increasingly tense environment of late-imperial Ethiopia, CADU also developed into a politically highly charged project and became an active party in the rural conflicts that preceded the revolution of 1974.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2017. Vol. 27, nr 2, s. 54-74
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Historiska studier av teknik, vetenskap och miljö
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217870OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-217870DiVA, id: diva2:1158128
Merknad

QC 20171211

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-17 Laget: 2017-11-17 Sist oppdatert: 2017-12-11bibliografisk kontrollert

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