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Efficiency vs equity: Conflicting objectives of congestion charges
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4531-8659
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Transportvetenskap, Transportplanering, ekonomi och teknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-9235-0232
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Transport Policy, ISSN 0967-070X, E-ISSN 1879-310X, Vol. 60, s. 99-107Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper analyses the trade-off between equity and efficiency in the design of the Stockholm congestion charging systems. Comparing different designs for Stockholm, the paper shows that the most efficient system is the least equitable. Indeed, we show that moving towards a more efficient system design favours high-income-users most. The reason is the uneven distribution of workplaces and residential areas, combined with richer socio-economic groups living in areas with more workplaces. Hence, the conflict between efficiency and equity of this policy arises from the spatial mismatch of residential areas and locations of employment, and the spatial separation between low-income and high-income groups that characterise most cities. This paper shows that these spatial patterns have a large effect on the distribution effects of the congestion charges and that the system design can have a major impact on equity.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 60, s. 99-107
Emneord [en]
Congestion charging, Efficiency, Equity, Welfare effects
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218308DOI: 10.1016/j.tranpol.2017.09.006ISI: 000418970300010Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85033704828OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-218308DiVA, id: diva2:1160479
Forskningsfinansiär
Swedish Transport AdministrationVINNOVA
Merknad

QC 20171127

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-27 Laget: 2017-11-27 Sist oppdatert: 2018-01-12bibliografisk kontrollert

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Engelson, LeonidBörjesson, Maria

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