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Chromium(III), chromium(VI) and cobalt release from leathers produced in Nicaragua
KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2145-3650
KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Kemi, Yt- och korrosionsvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-6042-9752
Natl Autonomous Univ Honduras, Dept Publ Hlth, Fac Med Sci, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.;Cent Amer Network Informat & Advice Ctr Toxicol R, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.;Ctr Res & Dev Hlth Labour & Environm CIDSTA, Tegucigalpa, Honduras..
2019 (engelsk)Inngår i: Contact Dermatitis, ISSN 0105-1873, E-ISSN 1600-0536, Vol. 80, nr 3, s. 149-155Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Leather exposure has been associated with chromium (Cr) and cobalt (Co) contact dermatitis. Cr(VI) in leather is now restricted to < 3 mg/kg in the EU. Cr(III) is not restricted. Objectives: To analyse 29 differently coloured Cr-tanned leather samples from two Nicaraguan tanneries, and to compare their release of Cr, Cr(VI) and Co with that of leathers produced in Europe. Methods: Cr, Cr(VI) and Co were extracted in phosphate buffer for 3 hours at 25 degrees C according to EN ISO 17075. Atomic absorption spectroscopy and spectrophotometry were used for detection of the metals in phosphate buffer. Results: There was no difference in total Cr or Cr(VI) release between European and Nicaraguan leathers. There was no association between Cr(VI) and total Cr release. Co was released primarily from leathers of one tannery. Cr(III) was released in significantly higher amounts than Cr(VI). Conclusions: Future investigations and regulations should focus on Cr(III) and Co as well as on Cr(VI).

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
WILEY , 2019. Vol. 80, nr 3, s. 149-155
Emneord [en]
allergic contact dermatitis, chromium, chromium(VI), cobalt, exposure analysis, leather
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-244500DOI: 10.1111/cod.13165ISI: 000457748900002PubMedID: 30485451Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85057855384OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-244500DiVA, id: diva2:1299714
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QC 20190328

Tilgjengelig fra: 2019-03-28 Laget: 2019-03-28 Sist oppdatert: 2019-04-04bibliografisk kontrollert

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