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Gaming, urban planning and transportation design process
KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap. (VÅRDLOGISTIK)
KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap. (VÅRDLOGISTIK)ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1126-3781
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, 2015, Vol. 213, s. 297-312Konferansepaper, Publicerat paper (Fagfellevurdert)
Abstract [en]

In today’s urban planning, two perspectives dominate the discourse: a technical-rational perspective and a communicative rational perspective. Bridging the dichotomy between the two perspectives and situating new planning support methods within the context of complexity theories leads to new structures for planning support systems. The implications of the inherent complex nature of planning when bridging these perspectives should be taken into account for new planning processes and support systems. The development of such methods requires an iterative cycle between methodological and technological aspects of tool development. The chapter presents a technical framework that enables the development of methods integrating both perspectives. The framework derives its requirements from the integration of the two perspectives, and is evaluated in the context of two design case studies in the cities of Stockholm and Paris. The development of the framework and method has implications for the design of tools in urban planning. The tools need to reflect the open nature of the complex systems they represent and operate in. Such methods also expand the boundaries of the design space, allowing for previously unknown configurations.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2015. Vol. 213, s. 297-312
Serie
Lecture Notes in Geoinformation and Cartography, ISSN 1863-2351
Emneord [en]
Design, Iterative methods, Urban planning, Complexity theory, Design case studies, Iterative cycles, Planning process, Planning support systems, Technical frameworks, Technological aspects, Tool development, Urban transportation
HSV kategori
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-177245DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-18368-8_16ISI: 000380473900016Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84937413185ISBN: 9783319183671 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-177245DiVA, id: diva2:872672
Konferanse
Computers in Urban Planning and Urban Management Conference, CUPUM 2015, 7 July 2015 through 10 July 2015
Merknad

QC 20151119

Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-11-19 Laget: 2015-11-17 Sist oppdatert: 2024-03-18bibliografisk kontrollert
Inngår i avhandling
1. Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
Åpne denne publikasjonen i ny fane eller vindu >>Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
2017 (engelsk)Doktoravhandling, med artikler (Annet vitenskapelig)
Abstract [en]

The understanding and conceptualization of cities and its constituent systems such as transportation and healthcare as open and complex is shifting the debates around the technical and communicative rationales of planning. Viewing cities in a holistic manner presents methodological challenges, where our understanding of complexity is applied in a tangible fashion to planning processes. Bridging the two rationales in the tools and methodologies of planning is necessary for the emergence of a 'non-linear rationality' of planning, one that accounts for and is premised upon complexity. Simulations representing complex systems provide evidence and support for planning, and have the potential to serve as an interface between the more abstract and political decision making and the material city systems.

Moving beyond current planning methods, this thesis explores the role of simulations in planning. Recognizing the need for holistic representations, the thesis integrates multiple disparate simulations into a holistic whole achieving complex representations of systems. These representations are then applied and studied in an interactive environment to address planning problems in different contexts. The thesis contributes an approach towards the development of complex representations of systems; improvements on participatory methods to integrate computational simulations; a nuanced understanding of the relative value of simulation constructs; technologies and frameworks that facilitate the easy development of integrated simulations that can support participatory planning processes.

The thesis develops contributions through experiments which involved problems and stakeholders from real world systems. The approach towards development of integrated simulations is realized in an open source framework. The framework creates computationally efficient, scalable and interactive simulations of complex systems, which used in a participatory manner delivers tangible plans and designs.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. s. 43
Serie
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2017:9
Emneord
distributed simulations, interactive, participatory, gaming, complexity theory, fidelity
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Teknik och hälsa
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208170 (URN)978-91-7729-466-5 (ISBN)
Disputas
2017-08-25, Lecture Hall T1, Hälsovägen 11C, Huddinge, 10:00 (engelsk)
Opponent
Veileder
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 609042
Merknad

QC 20170602

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-06-02 Laget: 2017-06-01 Sist oppdatert: 2024-01-22bibliografisk kontrollert

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Raghothama, JayanthMeijer, Sebastiaan

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