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Comparison of the thermal power availability of different agricultural residues using a residential boiler
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Kraft- och värmeteknologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-0042-0227
2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: BIOMASS CONVERSION AND BIOREFINERY, ISSN 2190-6815, Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 435-447Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

This study presents a comparison of combustion performance, losses, and efficiency at steady-state and transient conditions for different biomass types in a residential boiler. The types of biomass used were 6 and 8 mm wood pellets, 6 mm sugarcane bagasse pellets, 6 mm sunflower husk pellets, and Brazil nut shells. The comparison in the development of the temperature in the combustion chamber during the start-up revealed that the 6 mm wood pellets ignite and propagate faster than the rest of the biomass fuels due to their smaller size compared with 8 mm wood pellets and lower ash content compared with the rest of the biomass sorts. Thermal power output and efficiencies under steady-state and transient conditions were calculated by the direct method, i.e., by measuring the heat recovery by the water boiler, and the indirect method, i.e., by measuring the heat losses. By using the indirect method, the availability of the flue gas thermal power during the start-up was seen more in detail than when the other method was applied. When comparing both methods as tools for boiler efficiency evaluation for different fuel types, the discrepancy of the resulting efficiencies between is larger when there are higher amounts of chemical losses in the boiler. Therefore, this method shows good agreement also for bagasse pellets but is, without modification, proposed not to be valid for fuels emitting higher amount of carbon monoxide (CO). Boiler efficiencies reached class 3 boilers according to EN 303-5 (> 74.8 %) for all biomass sorts.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer, 2016. Vol. 6, nr 4, s. 435-447
Nyckelord [en]
Biomass combustion, Agricultural residues, Thermal efficiency, Residential boiler performance
Nationell ämneskategori
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-197757DOI: 10.1007/s13399-016-0200-3ISI: 000387690900008Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84994718468OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-197757DiVA, id: diva2:1063451
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QC 20170110

Tillgänglig från: 2017-01-10 Skapad: 2016-12-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-01-10Bibliografiskt granskad

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