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Hybrid, composable approach to simulations in healthcare operations and management
KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Vårdlogistik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3416-4535
KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Vårdlogistik.
KTH, Skolan för teknik och hälsa (STH), Hälso- och systemvetenskap, Vårdlogistik.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1126-3781
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Proceedings of the 2017 Winter Simulation Conference / [ed] W. K. V. Chan, A. D'Ambrogio, G. Zacharewicz, N. Mustafee, G. Wainer, and E. Page, ACM Digital Library, 2017, Vol. F134102, s. 2857-2868Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Simulation has been used for modeling in healthcare for many decades. Ranging from the modeling of physiological processes to group dynamics to the modeling of strategic and system-wide models of healthcare provision, simulation promises to be an effective approach to analyze healthcare operations. Effective application of simulations in healthcare operations requires that simulation deal with wide variability and unpredictability in workflow processes, the complexity of healthcare organizations and enables the participation of human experts in the modeling and operations processes. In this paper, based on requirements drawn from a participatory simulation with healthcare practitioners, we define a hybrid, composable approach to healthcare simulations. Both the participatory simulation and the composable simulation are applied in the context of the New Karolinska Solna hospital in Sweden, a highly specialized new hospital. Results point to the need to accounting for variability in workflow processes and integration with existing IT infrastructure in hospitals. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
ACM Digital Library, 2017. Vol. F134102, s. 2857-2868
Serie
Proceedings - Winter Simulation Conference, ISSN 0891-7736
Nyckelord [en]
simulation, healthcare, composable
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem
Forskningsämne
Teknik och hälsa
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208166DOI: 10.1109/WSC.2017.8248009ISI: 000427768603006Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85044506543ISBN: 9781538634288 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-208166DiVA, id: diva2:1104447
Konferens
2017 Winter Simulation Conference, WSC 2017, Red Rock Casino Resort and SpaLas Vegas, United States, 3 December 2017 through 6 December 2017
Forskningsfinansiär
Stockholms läns landsting
Anmärkning

QC 20170602

Tillgänglig från: 2017-06-01 Skapad: 2017-06-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-06-27Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Integrating Computational and Participatory Simulations for Design in Complex Systems
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The understanding and conceptualization of cities and its constituent systems such as transportation and healthcare as open and complex is shifting the debates around the technical and communicative rationales of planning. Viewing cities in a holistic manner presents methodological challenges, where our understanding of complexity is applied in a tangible fashion to planning processes. Bridging the two rationales in the tools and methodologies of planning is necessary for the emergence of a 'non-linear rationality' of planning, one that accounts for and is premised upon complexity. Simulations representing complex systems provide evidence and support for planning, and have the potential to serve as an interface between the more abstract and political decision making and the material city systems.

Moving beyond current planning methods, this thesis explores the role of simulations in planning. Recognizing the need for holistic representations, the thesis integrates multiple disparate simulations into a holistic whole achieving complex representations of systems. These representations are then applied and studied in an interactive environment to address planning problems in different contexts. The thesis contributes an approach towards the development of complex representations of systems; improvements on participatory methods to integrate computational simulations; a nuanced understanding of the relative value of simulation constructs; technologies and frameworks that facilitate the easy development of integrated simulations that can support participatory planning processes.

The thesis develops contributions through experiments which involved problems and stakeholders from real world systems. The approach towards development of integrated simulations is realized in an open source framework. The framework creates computationally efficient, scalable and interactive simulations of complex systems, which used in a participatory manner delivers tangible plans and designs.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. s. 43
Serie
TRITA-STH : report, ISSN 1653-3836 ; 2017:9
Nyckelord
distributed simulations, interactive, participatory, gaming, complexity theory, fidelity
Nationell ämneskategori
Datorsystem
Forskningsämne
Teknik och hälsa
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-208170 (URN)978-91-7729-466-5 (ISBN)
Disputation
2017-08-25, Lecture Hall T1, Hälsovägen 11C, Huddinge, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
EU, FP7, Sjunde ramprogrammet, 609042
Anmärkning

QC 20170602

Tillgänglig från: 2017-06-02 Skapad: 2017-06-01 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-01-22Bibliografiskt granskad

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Raghothama, JayanthMeijer, Sebastiaan

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