Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Park Matters:: Studies on Safety and Property Values
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE). KTH.ORCID-id: 0000-0001-8525-3362
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This study develops a better understanding of the nature of urban parks from a safety perspective in two international contexts. To achieve this aim, the study is divided into two geographical scales (a macro scale and a micro scale) that test a set of quantitative and qualitative research methods. The macro-scale analysis provides an overall view of the effects of parks in the neighbourhood and at the city level. A particular focus is given to the impact of parks on housing prices. Overall, the findings show that parks function as an amenity that contributes to urban quality, which in turn influences property prices in Stockholm. However, this effect depends on a number of factors such as park type, location, and the level of safety and security of the parks. Safety also matters: Parks embedded in area with high-crime rates are less valued than in areas with low-crime rates. The micro-scale of study focuses on parks as a unit of analysis and looks at the environment of parks and how it triggers crime and affects people’s safety. The first analysis is based on whether—and, if so, how—park environments affect safety (crime occurrence) using the principles of crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) as an inventory tool in a park in an area with a high-crime rate in Stockholm, Sweden. Building on the methodology from the first study, the second study investigates the nature of women-only parks (WOPs) in Karachi, Pakistan, by looking at both the environment of the parks and the users’ and non-users’ perceptions of safety. Regardless of context, the findings show that the safety conditions of a park are highly associated with the park’s environment (design and management features). Of importance to park safety are park size in relation to the number of access routes (entrance and exit points), the opportunities for surveillance in relation to the maintenance and the lighting conditions in parks. A clear lesson is that a CPTED-informed park design promotes guardianship and therefore should be encouraged, regardless of whether it is located in Stockholm or Karachi. However, the urban context does matter to park safety conditions and is highly dependent on the local, city-wide, and national contexts in which the park is embedded.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. , s. 90
Serie
TRITA-FOB ; 2017:8
Nyckelord [en]
Urban parks, safety, hedonic modelling, CPTED, and women-only parks
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Forskningsämne
Fastigheter och byggande
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217537ISBN: 978-91-85783-82-3 (tryckt)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-217537DiVA, id: diva2:1156860
Disputation
2017-12-05, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 14:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 259-2012-1189
Anmärkning

QC 20171114

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-14 Skapad: 2017-11-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Does crime in parks affect apartment prices?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Does crime in parks affect apartment prices?
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, ISSN 1404-3858, E-ISSN 1651-2340, Vol. 16, nr 1, s. 97-121Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

A park is a desirable feature when people are purchasing a property. Buyers are ready to pay more for properties surrounded by natural amenities, such as a pleasant park. However, if a park is targeted by crime and disorder, then it may have a negative effect on people's appraisal. The aim of this study is to reach a better understanding of how parks and crime rates affect housing prices taking into account residential properties and parks type. Stockholm, the capital of Sweden, is used as the case study. The methodology has two stages. An extensive field work was performed in a selected number of parks to help characterize the parks in Stockholm. This information was gathered with secondary data about parks using Geographic Information System. This pre-assessment was later followed by the analysis of 2008s apartment sales using hedonic modelling to assess the effect of parks alone and in combination with crime rates. Results suggest that the effect of parks on prices vary by park type (increased with, e.g. features of cultural and national interest and decreased with ball games or boating facilities) while an aggregated measure of parks lowers overall apartment prices. More interestingly, findings show that the price of apartments tends to be discounted in areas where parks have relatively high rates of violence and vandalism.

Nyckelord
GIS, green areas, hedonic modelling, offences, spatial error, spatial lag
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-167789 (URN)10.1080/14043858.2015.1009674 (DOI)2-s2.0-84927694222 (Scopus ID)
Forskningsfinansiär
VetenskapsrådetForskningsrådet Formas
Anmärkning

QC 20150525

Tillgänglig från: 2015-05-25 Skapad: 2015-05-22 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-14Bibliografiskt granskad
2. Park Proximity, Crime and Apartment Prices
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Park Proximity, Crime and Apartment Prices
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) In press
Abstract [en]

Parks and open green spaces are an important part of the city landscape. Although studies show that proximity to parks and open green spaces has a mostly positive impact on house prices, several studies also report that crime in parks can affect buyers’ perceptions, making nearby properties less desirable. We examine the effects of park proximity and crime in parks on apartment prices by using geographic information systems and hedonic modelling. Our results indicate that grass parks and park blocks are more desirable than landscape parks and neighbourhood parks in Stockholm. Our findings also confirm that parks in Stockholm’s city centre have a greater impact than parks on the periphery of Stockholm. Low-crime parks affect apartment prices positively.

Nyckelord
Parks, crime, hedonic prices, distance to park
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217512 (URN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 259-2012-1189
Anmärkning

QC 20171114

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-13 Skapad: 2017-11-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-14Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Is CPTED Useful to Guide the Inventory of Safety in Parks?: A Study Case in Stockholm, Sweden
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Is CPTED Useful to Guide the Inventory of Safety in Parks?: A Study Case in Stockholm, Sweden
2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: International Criminal Justice Review, ISSN 1057-5677, E-ISSN 1556-3855, Vol. 26, nr 2, s. 150-168Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) has long been suggested as a guideline for improving safety in neighborhoods. Yet, little is known about the application of CPTED to urban parks. The aim of this study is to evaluate the adequacy of CPTED principles in guiding the inventory of safety conditions of an urban park. The study begins with a review of the development of CPTED ideas and then focuses on the inspection of a park with a relatively high level of crime in the city of Stockholm, the capital of Sweden. Site observations, parks inspection, crime mapping of police-recorded data, and interviews with selected users and municipal stakeholders underpin the methodology used in this study. Findings indicate that design and management of the park affect the park’s safety conditions—attributes that are easily identifiable when using CPTED as guidance. The article concludes with several general lessons from using CPTED principles to inventory safety in parks.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2015
Nyckelord
crime, green areas, perceived safety, physical environment, Sweden
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194663 (URN)10.1177/1057567716639353 (DOI)2-s2.0-84968782905 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20161129

Tillgänglig från: 2016-11-29 Skapad: 2016-10-31 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-14Bibliografiskt granskad
4. How safe are women-only parks perceived to be?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>How safe are women-only parks perceived to be?
(Engelska)Ingår i: Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Women-only parks (WOPs) are gender-exclusive spaces. In the Indian subcontinent, they have been a social norm for centuries, and they are widespread today. This article aims to investigate the nature of WOPs in Karachi, Pakistan, by (a) inspecting and assessing the environment of these parks based on crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) principles, (b) evaluating users’ and nonusers’ perceptions of safety, and (c) assessing how the environment of WOPs, inspected based on CPTED principles, relates to women’s perceptions. Field observations, a questionnaire survey, and interviews underpin the methodology. Results indicate that most users of WOPs feel safe there, but no significant differences exist between users’ and nonusers’ views of safety in public spaces in Karachi. Typical CPTED features (e.g. locks and gatekeepers) in WOPs seem to have a positive influence on park users’ perception of safety. The article concludes with a discussion of the results and implications for future research.

Nyckelord
CPTED, perceived safety, users, nonusers, Karachi
Nationell ämneskategori
Samhällsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-217514 (URN)
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 259-2012-1189
Anmärkning

QC 20171114

Tillgänglig från: 2017-11-13 Skapad: 2017-11-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-11-14Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(1395 kB)296 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT02.pdfFilstorlek 1395 kBChecksumma SHA-512
f5ebc24bef243a25bbfeb3350525f9fe40a33e3a1ee77b196b6af9eeb0fdef18a3ff119c3adcdca51e6ac47410983fbb87aa303b858786ecf62a27252862521f
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Iqbal, Asifa
Av organisationen
Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE)
Teknik och teknologier

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 300 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

isbn
urn-nbn
Totalt: 973 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf