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Deep genesis of hydrocarbons under oxidized conditions
KTH.
KTH.
KTH.
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Kraft- och värmeteknologi.
(Engelska)Ingår i: Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
Nationell ämneskategori
Kemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-223647OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-223647DiVA, id: diva2:1185961
Anmärkning

QC 20180314

Tillgänglig från: 2018-02-27 Skapad: 2018-02-27 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-03-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Deep generated methane in the global methane budget
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Deep generated methane in the global methane budget
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Methane is a significant part of the global carbon cycle. The distribution of methane above and below the Earth’s surface suggests that atmospheric methane might be related to methane originating from the deep mantle.

The purpose of the present study is to identify this relationship between methane emissions to the atmosphere and methane, which can be abiogenically generated within the Earth’s interior. Methane hydrates within the Earth’s surface sediments might be among the possible hosts of migrated deep methane.

In this thesis, experimental work is presented, which aimed to reveal the depth at which methane and other hydrocarbons in the upper mantle are abiogenically generated, considering pT and redox conditions of the surrounding environment. High-pressure, high-temperature experiments were conducted using a large reactive volume device with a toroid-type chamber in specially prepared sample containers.

The present study evaluates the formation of methane and other hydrocarbons at temperatures higher than 300 °C at pressures of 2.5-6.5 GPa despite the redox conditions of the surroundings. These conditions correspond to a depth below 70 km on the surface of a cold subducting slab.

The proposed hypothesis claims that the deep-mantle-generated methane can contribute to the formation of methane hydrates and accumulation of free gas below hydrates. 

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. s. 66
Nationell ämneskategori
Multidisciplinär geovetenskap Energiteknik Annan kemi
Forskningsämne
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-223609 (URN)T RITA KRV Report 17/08 (Lokalt ID)978-91-7729-656-0 (ISBN)T RITA KRV Report 17/08 (Arkivnummer)T RITA KRV Report 17/08 (OAI)
Disputation
2018-03-14, Kollegiesalen, Stockholm, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20180226

Tillgänglig från: 2018-02-27 Skapad: 2018-02-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-02-27Bibliografiskt granskad

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Av författaren/redaktören
Mukhina, ElenaKolesnikov, AKudryavtsev, DKutcherov, V
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KTHKraft- och värmeteknologi
Kemi

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