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Coordinated Construction Logistics: an Innovation Perspective
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Fastigheter och byggande, Projektkommunikation.
(Engelska)Ingår i: Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Submitted
Abstract [en]

Coordinated construction logistics is an increasingly discussed topic in the Swedish construction industry. It is suggested as a mean to increase efficiency in transportation, decrease material usage, coordinate health and safety on-site, etc. There is much research on construction logistics seen from a supply chain management perspective, often highlighting construction logistics as a necessary rational tool to improve efficiency in construction industry. However, could there be other ways to studying this phenomenon? The purpose for this paper is to apply an innovation perspective on empirically found coordinated construction logistics models and explore them as different types of innovation and their change process. The findings suggest that the coordinated construction logistics models should so far be regarded as not fully embedded innovation as they have not yet changed the construction industry’s processes in the way they set out to do. The findings highlight differences between company-based models, project-based models, and system-based models, and suggest that differences in for example development and adoptability should be regarded both when conducting research on and when implementing coordinated construction logistics in practice.

Nyckelord [en]
construction logistics; construction innovation; developer; supply-chain management; systemic innovation
Nationell ämneskategori
Byggproduktion
Forskningsämne
Fastigheter och byggande
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-227319DiVA, id: diva2:1204505
Anmärkning

QC 20180531

Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-08 Skapad: 2018-05-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-31Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Construction client collaboration for inter-organizational innovation: do too many cooks really spoil the broth?
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Construction client collaboration for inter-organizational innovation: do too many cooks really spoil the broth?
2018 (Engelska)Licentiatavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Our built environment has the power to influence where we live and work, how we transport ourselves, how and what we consume and many other behaviors in our everyday lives, in other words, it has a significant impact on our global environment and economy. Given the notable need for more sustainable development of both the global environment and economy, sustainability has become a critical factor also in the area of urban development. With this as a backdrop, the construction industry and its many actors, such as clients, contractors and suppliers, that collectively drive urban development, play a significant role in creating sustainable development.

Innovation is a cornerstone to achieve development, so also in the construction industry. However, with its many interrelated organizations, projects and actors, innovation inevitably becomes inter-organizational. From an urban development perspective, inter-organizational innovation will happen in a multi-project context where several construction projects, led and executed by different actors from different organizations, become interdependent and are therefore required to collaborate. In any construction project, the client holds a key position and has been identified as a critical supporter for successful innovation and collaboration. On the back of these dynamics, the purpose of this licentiate thesis is to explore clients’ role in a multi-project context where inter-organizational innovation is initiated to drive sustainable urban development.

From a contingency perspective, the purpose of this study has been explored through a multiple-case study where coordinated construction logistics, during the study, has been identified as inter-organizational innovation. The study has shown that coordinated construction logistics, developed for a multi-project context, must be developed and implemented differently than in a single project or organization. In other words, coordinated construction logistics can take the form of different types of construction innovation. The construction clients, in this thesis the building developers, are identified as being important to support innovation and collaboration within and between parallel and sequential projects. The study has also shown that different clients behave differently when inter-organizational innovation is present; whilst some are proactive to achieve development, others are hesitant and less supportive for change. The findings suggest that long-term committed clients take a more proactive stand for innovation, for example, by including innovation in their procurement strategies and reflecting on how to best implement it in their projects. Additionally, in a multi-project context, the collaboration between clients is found to be important in order to successfully implement innovation, for example to align procurement strategies with the next-door neighbors and to create opportunities to communicate with each other.

A theoretical contribution from this thesis is that coordinated construction logistics, which is often seen from a supply-chain management perspective, could be considered as inter-organizational innovation. This conclusion expands the understanding of the empirical phenomenon and its context. Furthermore, adding to the on-going discussion on clients as innovation supporters, their role as a potential innovation supporter is established in a multi-project perspective, but where differences between different types of clients must be taken into account. The multi-project context also implies an increased need for client collaboration, which is often informal, why the clients themselves need to handle all the aspects of collaboration. Tentative findings indicate that in this context time, spatiality, innovation and requirements will affect this collaboration. From a practical side, the findings show that initiating and implementing inter-organizational innovation requires understanding of the context, such as project objectives and the system. For clients and governments active in urban development, the thesis can guide the understanding of the importance of collaboration and choosing procurement strategy for inter-organizational innovation.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. s. 50
Serie
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 2018:12
Nyckelord
Construction industry, client, inter-organizational innovation, multi-project context, client collaboration, receptive context
Nationell ämneskategori
Byggproduktion
Forskningsämne
Fastigheter och byggande
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227318 (URN)978-91-7729-766-6 (ISBN)
Presentation
2018-05-28, Bora Bora, Teknikringen 10B, Stockholm, 13:00 (Svenska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20180508

Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-08 Skapad: 2018-05-08 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-05-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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