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Modified and thermoplastic rapeseed straw xylan: A renewable additive in PCL biocomposites
KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-2041-5786
KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1631-1781
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Industrial crops and products (Print), ISSN 0926-6690, E-ISSN 1872-633X, Vol. 119, s. 73-82Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Xylan extracted from rapeseed straw was chemically modified to gain hydrophobic and thermoplastic properties via macroinitiator formation followed by a free radical grafting-from polymerization with octadecyl acrylate. Biocomposites were then prepared by incorporation of 5 or 20% (w/w) rapeseed straw xylan into a poly(epsilon-caprolactone) (PCL) matrix by melt extrusion. The grafted xylan was homogeneously distributed within the biocomposite and reinforced the PCL matrix while at the same time preserving the ability to elongate to tensile strains > 500%. Analogous biocomposites made from unmodified xylan in a PCL matrix resulted in heterogeneous mixtures and brittle tensile properties.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2018. Vol. 119, s. 73-82
Nyckelord [en]
Biocomposite, Grafting, Hemicellulose, Rapeseed/canola straw, Thermoplastic, Xylan
Nationell ämneskategori
Polymerkemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227505DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2018.03.067ISI: 000432763800009Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045072624OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-227505DiVA, id: diva2:1206966
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 2013-844
Anmärkning

QC 20180518

Tillgänglig från: 2018-05-18 Skapad: 2018-05-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-09-07Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Biopolymers and materials from rapeseed straw biorefining
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Biopolymers and materials from rapeseed straw biorefining
2018 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Rapeseed straw was fractionated through a hydrothermal process into its hemicellulose, lignin and cellulose components. In the first step, hemicellulose-rich fractions were extracted. Xylan-rich fractions with high molecular weight, 30,000 – 50,000 g/mol, were obtained at 110 °C and 1.5 M NaOH. Neutral and acidic conditions yielded extract rich in glucomannan with co-extracted xylan and lignin.After hemicellulose extraction, the straw was subjected to a soda cooking step where the straw was delignified and lignin solubilized. Two cooking times were evaluated in this step. A longer cooking time resulted in a lignin-rich precipitate and a cellulose pulp with a lower content of lignin compared with the shorter cooking time. Analysis showed rapeseed straw lignin consists of syringyl and guaiacyl aromatic structures. Peroxide bleaching of the pulp decreased the lignin content in the cellulose pulp further. Cellulose nanoparticles (CNF and CNC) were isolated from the bleached pulp. The CNF fraction was heterogenous in size while the CNC fraction was more homogenous in size with rod like aspects. Both were highly crystalline, with good thermal stability and high aspect ratio.Thin free-standing films of xylan were cast from water solution with mechanical integrity and very high strain-at-break > 80% even without added plasticizer.A surface modification process was developed where xylan was first pre-activated in alkali. This was followed by an etherification coupling reaction with glycidyl methacrylate and subsequently grafted by interfacial free radical graft polymerization with octadecyl acrylate chains. The resulting grafted xylan became hydrophobic and gained a thermoplastic behavior. It was blended with PCL matrix via melt-extrusion. The grafted xylan was homogeneously distributed within the biocomposite and the PCL matrix was reinforced while at the same time preserving the ability to elongate to tensile strains > 500%. Analogous biocomposites with unmodified xylan in a PCL matrix resulted in heterogenous mixtures and brittle tensile properties.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. s. 89
Serie
TRITA-CBH-FOU ; 2018:38
Nyckelord
Rapeseed/canola straw, biorefinery, hemicelluloses, lignin, cellulose, cellulose nanoparticles, films, grafting, thermoplastic, biocomposites, rapshalm, bioraffinaderi, hemicellulosa, lignin, cellulosa, cellulosa nano partiklar, hemicellulosafilm, ympning, termoplastisk, biokompositer
Nationell ämneskategori
Polymerkemi
Forskningsämne
Fiber- och polymervetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-234656 (URN)978-91-7729-913-4 (ISBN)
Disputation
2018-10-12, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20180912

Tillgänglig från: 2018-09-12 Skapad: 2018-09-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-09-12Bibliografiskt granskad

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Svärd, AntoniaEdlund, Ulrica

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Totalt: 92 träffar
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