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Refrigerant mass charge distribution in a domestic refrigerator. Part II: Steady state conditions
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Tillämpad termodynamik och kylteknik.
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Energiteknik, Tillämpad termodynamik och kylteknik.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9902-2087
2006 (Engelska)Ingår i: Applied Thermal Engineering, ISSN 1359-4311, E-ISSN 1873-5606, Vol. 26, nr 8-9, s. 866-871Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Experimental results are presented of the refrigerant mass charge distribution in a steady state operating domestic refrigerator at varied thermal loads. It was found that the charge decreased in the evaporator and increased in the condenser and compressor upon increased thermal load. No subcooling or superheat was observed over the range of capacities tested (74-145 W). The combination of a low side accumulator and an expansion device with high capacity (short capillary tube) explained this. The study suggests that a capillary tube throttled cooling system, with a floating condensation temperature, can handle large load variations without becoming destabilised (superheat or subcooling) just like a more sophisticated thermostatic expansion device control system.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2006. Vol. 26, nr 8-9, s. 866-871
Nyckelord [en]
domestic refrigerator, charge inventory, capillary tube, capillary-tube flow, dynamic simulation, cycling losses, freezer, model
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-15552DOI: 10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2005.10.004ISI: 000236308200012Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-29244461751OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-15552DiVA, id: diva2:333593
Anmärkning
QC 20100525Tillgänglig från: 2010-08-05 Skapad: 2010-08-05 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Energy Efficiency Improvements in Household Refrigeration Cooling Systems
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Energy Efficiency Improvements in Household Refrigeration Cooling Systems
2012 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is based on eight articles all related to the characteristics of the cooling system and plate evaporator of a household refrigerator. Through these articles, knowledge is provided that can be used to increase the operational efficiency in household refrigeration. Papers A, B and C focus on heat transfer and pressure drop in a commonly used free convection evaporator – the plate evaporator. Applicable correlations are suggested on how to estimate the air side heat transfer, the refrigerant side pressure drop and the refrigerant side heat transfer. Papers D, E and F hold a unique experimental study of the refrigerant charge distribution in the cooling system at transient and steady state conditions. From this cyclic losses are identified and estimated and ways to overcome them are suggested. In paper G the topic “charging and throttling” is investigated in an unparalleled experimental study based on more than 600 data points at different quantities of charge and expansions device capacities. It results in recommendations on how to optimize the capillary tube length and the quantity of refrigerant charge. Finally, Paper H holds a thermographic study of the overall cooling system operating at transient conditions. Overall, a potential to lower the energy use by as much as 25 % was identified in the refrigerator studied. About 10 % was found on the evaporator’s air side. 1-2 % was identified as losses related to the edge effect of the evaporator plate. About 8 % was estimated to be cyclic losses. About 5 % was found in cycle length optimization.  It is believed that most of these findings are of general interest for the whole field of household refrigeration even though the results come from one type of refrigerator. Suggestions of simple means to reduce the losses without increasing the unit price are provided within the thesis

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. s. 115
Serie
TRITA-REFR, ISSN 1102-0245 ; 12:02
Nyckelord
Household refrigerator, Domestic refrigerator, Free convection, Plate evaporator, Heat transfer, Flow boiling, Isobutane, R600a, Pressure drop, Two-phase, Cooling system, Charge inventory, Cyclic losses, Thermography
Nationell ämneskategori
Energiteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-93061 (URN)978-91-7501-306-0 (ISBN)
Disputation
2012-04-27, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20120411

Tillgänglig från: 2012-04-11 Skapad: 2012-04-10 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-02-11Bibliografiskt granskad

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Palm, Björn E.

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