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Tunneling spectroscopy of magnetic double barrier junctions
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Tillämpad fysik, Nanostrukturfysik.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: IEEE transactions on magnetics, ISSN 0018-9464, E-ISSN 1941-0069, Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 2818-2820Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) is used to study transport in magnetic double tunnel junctions (DTJs) formed using a fixed transparency barrier of a patterned tunnel junction (TJ), and a variable tunnel barrier between the top electrode of the patterned junction and the STM tip. A sufficiently thin top electrode has been predicted to result in a rectification of charge current through a DTJ when the two barriers have different transparency. Our measurements indeed show a high current rectification ratio for 3-nm-thick, continuous film top electrodes, which is observed for junctions with asymmetric tunnel barriers.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007. Vol. 43, nr 6, s. 2818-2820
Nyckelord [en]
current rectification, diode effect, magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs), tunneling spectroscopy
Nationell ämneskategori
Fysik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-39451DOI: 10.1109/TMAG.2007.893313ISI: 000246706200242Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-34249058694OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-39451DiVA, id: diva2:440069
Anmärkning
Conference: 10th Joint Magnetism and Magnetic Materials Conference/International Magnetics Conference. Balitmore, MD. JAN 07-11, 2007. QC 20110911Tillgänglig från: 2011-09-12 Skapad: 2011-09-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-08Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Spin-diode effect and thermally controlled switching in magnetic spin-valves
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Spin-diode effect and thermally controlled switching in magnetic spin-valves
2012 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This thesis demonstrates two new device concepts that are based on the tunneling and giant magnetoresistance effects. The first is a semiconductor-free asymmetric magnetic double tunnel junction that is shown to work as a diode, while at the same time exhibiting a record high magnetoresistance. It is experimentally verified that a diode effect, with a rectification ratio of at least 100, can be obtained in this type of system, and that a negative magnetoresistance of nearly 4000% can be measured at low temperature. The large magnetoresistance is attributed to spin resonant tunneling, where the parallel and antiparallel orientation of the magnetic moments shifts the energy levels in the middle electrode, thereby changing their alignment with the conduction band in the outer electrodes. This resonant tunneling can be useful when scaling down magnetic random access memory; eliminating the need to use external diodes or transistors in series with each bit.

The second device concept is a thermally controlled spin-switch; a novel way to control the free-layer switching and magnetoresistance in spin-valves. By exchange coupling two ferromagnetic films through a weakly ferromagnetic Ni-Cu alloy, the coupling is controlled by changes in temperature. At room temperature, the alloy is weakly ferromagnetic and the two films are exchange coupled through the alloy. At a temperature higher than the Curie point, the alloy is paramagnetic and the two strongly ferromagnetic films decouple. Using this technique, the read out signal from a giant magnetoresistance element is controlled using both external heating and internal Joule heating. No degradation of device performance upon thermal cycling is observed. The change in temperature for a full free-layer reversal is shown to be 35 degrees Celsius for the present Ni-Cu alloy. It is predicted that this type of switching theoretically can lead to high frequency oscillations in current, voltage, and temperature, where the frequency is controlled by an external inductor or capacitor. This can prove to be useful for applications such as voltage controlled oscillators in, for example, frequency synthesizers and function generators. Several ways to optimize the thermally controlled spin switch are discussed and conceptually demonstrated with experiments.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2012. s. 85
Serie
Trita-FYS, ISSN 0280-316X ; 2012:11
Nationell ämneskategori
Den kondenserade materiens fysik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-91300 (URN)978-91-7501-287-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2012-03-30, FB52, Roslagstullsbacken 21, Stockholm, 13:00 (Engelska)
Handledare
Anmärkning
QC 20120313Tillgänglig från: 2012-03-13 Skapad: 2012-03-12 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-03-13Bibliografiskt granskad

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