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Green Backhauling for Rural Areas
KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).
KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab). KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Centra, KTH Center för Trådlösa System, Wireless@kth.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5016-5044
KTH, Skolan för informations- och kommunikationsteknik (ICT), Kommunikationssystem, CoS, Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5636-9910
University of Modena and Reggio Emilia.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2014 (Engelska)Ingår i: Green Backhauling for Rural Areas, IEEE , 2014Konferensbidrag, Publicerat paper (Refereegranskat)
Abstract [en]

Providing wireless broadband access to rural and remote areas is becoming a big challenge for wireless operators, mostly because of the need for a cost-effective and low energy consuming mobile backhaul. However, to the best of our knowledge,energy consumption of different options for backhauling of future rural wireless broadband networks has not been studiedyet. Therefore, in this paper we assess the energy consumption of future rural wireless broadband network deployments andbackhaul technologies. In the wireless segment, two deployment strategies are considered, one with macro base station only,and one with small base stations. In the backhaul segment ,two wireless, i.e., microwave and satellite, and one optical fiber based (i.e., long reach passive optical networks) solutions areconsidered. These options are compared in terms of their abilityto satisfy coverage, capacity and QoS requirements of a numberof rural users in the time span that goes from 2010 until 2021. From the presented results it is possible to conclude that wireless backhaul solutions can significantly increase the energy consumption of the access network. In contrast, the long reach PON based backhaul has much higher energy efficiency and inthe long term might be a better choice for wireless operators.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
IEEE , 2014.
Nyckelord [en]
Energy Efficiency, Backhaul, Fiber, Microwave, Satellite, Power Consumption, Traffic Model.
Nationell ämneskategori
Telekommunikation Kommunikationssystem
Forskningsämne
Informations- och kommunikationsteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144906Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84905443713OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-144906DiVA, id: diva2:715266
Konferens
18th International Conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling
Anmärkning

QP 2014

Tillgänglig från: 2014-05-02 Skapad: 2014-05-02 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-08-15Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. On the Design of Energy Efficient Wireless Access Networks
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>On the Design of Energy Efficient Wireless Access Networks
2014 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Wireless access networks today consume 0.5 percent of the global energy. Rapidly growing demand for new services and ubiqutious connectivity, will further increase the energy consumption. This situation imposes a big challenge for mobile operators not only due to soaring cost of energy, but also increasing concern for global warming and sustainable development.

This thesis focuses on the energy efficiency issue at the system level and studies how to incorporate energy-awareness into the design of future wireless access networks. The main contributions have been given in the areas of energy efficiency assessment, architectural and operational solutions, and total cost of investment analysis.

The precise evaluation of energy efficiency is the first essential step to determine optimized solutions where metrics and models constitute the two key elements.We show that maximizing energy efficiency is not always equivalent to minimizing energy consumption which is one of the main reasons behind the presented contradictory and disputable conclusions in the literature. Further we indicate that in order to avoid the debatable directions, energy efficient network design problems should be formulated with well defined coverage and capacity requirements. Moreover, we propose novel backhaul power consumption models considering various technology and architectural options relevant for urban and rural environments and show that backhaul will potentially become a bottleneck in future ultra-high capacity wireless access networks.

Second, we focus on clean-slate network deployment solutions satisfying different quality of service requirements in a more energy efficient manner. We identify that the ratio between idle- and transmit power dependent power consumption of a base station as well as the network capacity requirement are the two key parameters that affect the energy-optimum design.While results show that macro cellular systems are the most energy efficient solution for moderate average traffic density, Hetnet solutions prevail homogeneous deployment due to their ability to increase the capacity with a relatively lower energy consumption and thus enable significant energy savings in medium and high capacity demand regions.

Moreover, we investigate the energy saving potential of short-term energy aware management approach, i.e., cell DTX, taking advantage of low resource utilization in the current networks arising from strict QoS requirements. With the help of developed novel quantitative method, we show that Cell DTX brings striking reduction in energy consumption and further savings are achievable if the networks are designed taking into account the fact that network deployment and operation are closely related.

Finally, we develop a general framework for investigating the main cost elements and for evaluating the viability of energy efficient solutions.We first reveal the strong positive impact of spectrum on both energy and infrastructure cost and further indicate that applying sustainable solutions might also bring total cost reduction, but the viability highly depends on unit cost values as well as the indirect cost benefits of energy efficiency.

Results obtained in this dissertation might provide guidelines for the network designers to achieve future high-capacity and sustainable wireless access networks.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2014. s. xi, 58
Serie
TRITA-ICT-COS, ISSN 1653-6347 ; 1403
Nyckelord
Energy Efficiency, Wireless Access Networks, Backhaul, Network Deployment, Power Consumption Model, Cell DTX, Cost Analysis
Nationell ämneskategori
Kommunikationssystem
Forskningsämne
Informations- och kommunikationsteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-144868 (URN)
Disputation
2014-05-23, Sal D, Forum, KTH, Isafjordsgatan 39, Kista, 13:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Anmärkning

QC 20140505

Tillgänglig från: 2014-05-05 Skapad: 2014-04-29 Senast uppdaterad: 2014-05-26Bibliografiskt granskad

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Tombaz, SibelMonti, PaoloWosinska, Lena

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Av författaren/redaktören
Fiorani, MatteoTombaz, SibelMonti, PaoloWosinska, Lena
Av organisationen
Optical Network Laboratory (ON Lab)Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab)KTH Center för Trådlösa System, Wireless@kth
TelekommunikationKommunikationssystem

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