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Transport and location analysis
KTH, Tidigare Institutioner                               , Infrastruktur och samhällsplanering.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1789-9238
2000 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

This dissertation consists of seven papers. InTime and income constraints in discrete choice models withan application to mode choice, we discuss how variouseffects of time and income constraints can be included indiscrete choice models. Several cases of indirect utilityfunctions are estimated and compared, showing that the obtainedvalues of time and elasticities can be very sensitive to modelspecification.

Three papers deal with the development of TILT, Tool forIntegrated analysis of Location and Transport, an integratedland use-transportation model for Stockholm. In the first,The influence of accessibility on residential location,we develop a theoretical framework for modeling thesimultaneous choice of location and travel pattern, showing howthe joint choice of location and average travel pattern can bemodeled. With focus on the location choice, we presentmethodology and results for an estimation of the framework. Inthe second,Integrated travel pattern modeling, the choice of travelpattern in is explained in detail, and estimation methodologyand results are presented.

In the third,A model for integrated analysis of household location andtravel choices(co-authored with Lars-Göran Mattsson),a different derivation of the framework is presented, with amore rigorous treatment of the stochasticity in the travelpattern. Using numerical simulation, we investigate theresulting travel demand functions.

InLocation and transport effects of road pricing - asimulation approach(co-authored with Lars-GöranMattsson), we develop a model of a generic city, usingparameter values from models estimated on real data of locationand travel. The model is used to investigate the effects ontransport and location of a road pricing reform and of a tollring around the city center.

Two papers deal with road pricing in the presence ofunobserved heterogeneity in user preferences. In the first,Road pricing with limited information and heterogeneoususers: a successful case, we show that if all users havethe same choice set and all alternatives have the same monetarycost, any toll reform that reduces aggregate travel time andredistributes the toll revenues equally to all users makeseveryone better off. In the second,The use of average values of time in road pricing - a noteon a common misconception, it is argued that the difficultyto convert time delays into monetary fees when users areheterogeneous has been underestimated or neglected, and thatthere is a common misconception that it is possible to use anaggregate time value for this conversion.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: KTH , 2000. , s. 10
Serie
Trita-IP. FR ; 00-79
Nyckelord [en]
transport, land use, models, location, logit, road pricing
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-3021OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-3021DiVA, id: diva2:8769
Disputation
2000-10-27, 00:00 (Engelska)
Anmärkning
QC 20100528Tillgänglig från: 2000-10-25 Skapad: 2000-10-25 Senast uppdaterad: 2010-05-28Bibliografiskt granskad
Delarbeten
1. Time and income constraints in discrete choice models with an application to mode choice
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Time and income constraints in discrete choice models with an application to mode choice
2000 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2000
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13127 (URN)
Anmärkning

QC 20100528 NR 20140804

Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-28 Skapad: 2010-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2015-12-16Bibliografiskt granskad
2. The influence of accessibility on residential location: theory and estimation of an integrated land use transportation model
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The influence of accessibility on residential location: theory and estimation of an integrated land use transportation model
(Engelska)Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Submitted
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13129 (URN)
Anmärkning
QS 20120326Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-28 Skapad: 2010-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-03-26Bibliografiskt granskad
3. Integrated travel pattern modeling: Theory and estimation of an integrated land use transportation model
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Integrated travel pattern modeling: Theory and estimation of an integrated land use transportation model
(Engelska)Artikel i tidskrift (Övrigt vetenskapligt) Submitted
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13131 (URN)
Anmärkning
QS 20120326Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-28 Skapad: 2010-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-03-26Bibliografiskt granskad
4. A model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>A model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices
2000 (Engelska)Ingår i: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 34, nr 5, s. 375-394Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

We develop a model for integrated analysis of household location and travel choices and investigate it from a theoretical point of view. Each household makes a joint choice of location (zone and house type) and a travel pattern that maximizes utility subject to budget and time constraints. Prices for housing are calculated so that demand equals supply in each submarket. The travel pattern consists of a set of expected trip frequencies to different destinations with different modes. The joint time and budget constraints ensure that time and cost sensitivities are consistent throughout the model. Choosing the entire travel pattern at once, as opposed to treating travel decisions as a series of isolated choices, allows the marginal utilities of trips to depend on which other trips are made. When choosing trip frequencies to destinations, households are assumed to prefer variation to an extent varying with the purpose of the trip. The travel pattern will tend to be more evenly distributed across trip ends the less similar destinations and individual preferences are. These heterogeneities of destinations and individual preferences, respectively, are expressed in terms of a set of parameters to be estimated.

Nyckelord
Land-use, Transport, Models, Nested logit
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13132 (URN)10.1016/S0965-8564(99)00038-5 (DOI)2-s2.0-0034039799 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20100528 NR 20140804

Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-28 Skapad: 2010-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-10Bibliografiskt granskad
5. Transport and Location Effects of Road Pricing: A Simulation Approach
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Transport and Location Effects of Road Pricing: A Simulation Approach
2001 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, ISSN 0022-5258, E-ISSN 1754-5951, Vol. 35, nr 3, s. 417-456Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The effects of road pricing on transport and location patterns have been much discussed. However, it is unclear how large the effects are, and whether relocation of households, workplaces and shops will counteract or amplify the effects on transport. In this paper a model of a generic symmetric city is developed. The model is used to investigate the effects of road pricing in the form of congestion pricing and a toll ring. The results indicate that the impacts on location are small compared to the impacts on traffic volumes, modal split, and trip distances. The different effects of congestion pricing and toll rings at different positions are considered.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
University of Bath, 2001
Nyckelord
urban spatial structure, land-use, models, congestion, choice, logit, tolls
Nationell ämneskategori
Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13137 (URN)000173979900005 ()2-s2.0-0035714039 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning

QC 20100528. QC 20160129

Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-28 Skapad: 2010-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-12-12Bibliografiskt granskad
6. Road pricing with limited information and heterogeneous users: A successful case
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Road pricing with limited information and heterogeneous users: A successful case
2001 (Engelska)Ingår i: The annals of regional science, ISSN 0570-1864, E-ISSN 1432-0592, Vol. 35, nr 4, s. 595-604Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Since strictly optimal (first-best) road pricing policies require information that we will probably never have, it is important to investigate what can be done under more restrictive assumptions as to what information is available. One such case is examined in this paper, where the main restrictive assumptions are that all users have the same choice set and that all alternatives have the same monetary cost. Individuals have utility functions with constant marginal utilities of time and money, but these marginal utilities vary across individuals, and are assumed to be unobservable. We show that for this model, any toll reform that reduces aggregate travel time and redistributes the toll revenues equally to all users makes everyone better off. This holds regardless of the distribution of marginal utilities of time and money, and for any road network.

Nyckelord
CONGESTION, NETWORK, ROUTE, MODEL, PEAK
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13134 (URN)10.1007/s001680100061 (DOI)000174662800007 ()2-s2.0-19544382340 (Scopus ID)
Anmärkning
QC 20100528Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-28 Skapad: 2010-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2020-03-10Bibliografiskt granskad
7. The use of average values of time in road pricing: A note on common misconception
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>The use of average values of time in road pricing: A note on common misconception
2000 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2000
Nationell ämneskategori
Teknik och teknologier Transportteknik och logistik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-13135 (URN)
Anmärkning
QC 20100528 NR 20140804Tillgänglig från: 2010-05-28 Skapad: 2010-05-28 Senast uppdaterad: 2012-02-07Bibliografiskt granskad

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