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Fabrication of an Infrared Emitter using a Generic Integration Platform Based on Wire Bonding
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Micro and Nanosystems. SenseAir AB, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8853-0967
SenseAir AB, Sweden.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Micro and Nanosystems. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3452-6361
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering (EES), Micro and Nanosystems.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9552-4234
Show others and affiliations
2016 (English)In: Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, ISSN 0960-1317, E-ISSN 1361-6439, Vol. 26, no 11, article id 115010Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper reports a novel approach for the fabrication of infrared (IR)emitters for non-dispersive infrared gas sensing. The proposed concept enables theintegration of superior resistive heater materials with microelectromechanical systems(MEMS) structures. In this study, non-bondable filaments made of nickel chromium areattached to mechanical attachment structures using a fully automated state-of-the-artwire bonder. The formation of the electrical contacts between the integrated filamentsand the electrical contact pattern on the substrate is performed using conventionalgold stud bumping technology. The placement accuracy of the integrated filamentsis evaluated using white-light interferometry, while the contact formation using studbumping to embed the filaments is investigated using focus ion beam milled crosssections.A proof-of-concept IR emitter has been successfully operated and heated upto 960 C in continuous mode for 3 hours.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics (IOP), 2016. Vol. 26, no 11, article id 115010
Keywords [en]
wire bonding, integration platform, stud bumping, non-bondable materials, IR emitter, MEMS-based infrared emitter, NDIR gas sensing
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-194248DOI: 10.1088/0960-1317/26/11/115010ISI: 000385931300003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84993982778OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-194248DiVA, id: diva2:1039095
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 277879Swedish Research Council, 621-2011-4437VINNOVA, 2015-00402
Note

QC 20161121

Available from: 2016-10-21 Created: 2016-10-21 Last updated: 2018-02-07Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Towards Unconventional Applications of Wire Bonding
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards Unconventional Applications of Wire Bonding
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis presents novel heterogeneous integration approaches of wire materials to fabricated and package MEMS devices by exploring unconventional applications of wire bonding technology. Wire bonding, traditionally endemic in the realm of device packaging to establish electrical die-to-package interconnections, is an attractive back-end technology, offering promising features, such as high throughput, flexibility and placement accuracy. Exploiting the advantages of state-of-the-art wire bonding technology and substitute the conventional micro welding approach with an innovative attachment concept, a generic integration platform for a multitude of wire materials is provided. This facilitates a cost-efficient and selective integration, which involves the attachment and shaping of a variety of intrinsically non-bondable wire materials. Furthermore, the selective integration of wire materials provides a simple method to generate complex suspended geometries, which circumvents the need for subsequent processing. The first part of this thesis reports of the integration of non-bondable shape memory alloy wires on wafer-level, which has led to an innovative method to fabricate micro actuators. Moreover, the integration of high performance resistive heating wires on chip-level is utilized to fabricate filament based infrared emitters, targeting non-dispersive infrared gas sensing of alcohol for automotive applications. In the second part, a series of unconventional applications of wire integration using the traditional thermo-sonic wire bonding approach is presented. A novel and low-cost nitric oxide gas sensor is realized by producing vertical bond wires featuring high aspect ratio. Next, the high placement accuracy of wire bonding tools is leveraged to integrate conductive metals cores for fabricating high aspect ratio through silicon vias. Finally, an advanced packaging approach for stress-sensitive MEMS gyroscopes is evaluated, which exclusively utilizes bond wires for realizing the die attachment.

Abstract [sv]

Denna avhandling presenterar nya integrationsmetoder av trådmaterial för tillverkning och kapsling av mikro-elektromekaniska system (MEMS), genom att undersöka okonventionella tillämpningar av trådbondningsteknik.Trådbondning används traditionellt för att skapa elektrisk kontakt mellan chip och kapsel i integrerade kretsar. Det är en etablerad back-end teknologi med fördelar som hög hastighet, flexibilitet och placeringsnoggrannhet. Genom att utnyttja fördelarna hos toppmodern trådbondningsteknik och ersätta konventionell mikrosvetsning med ett innovativt koncept för att fästa tråden, tillhandahålls en generisk integrationsplattform för en mängd olika trådmaterial. Detta tillåter en kostnadseffektiv och selektiv integrering vilken består av fixering och formning av en rad icke-bondbara trådmaterial. Vidare ger den selektiva integrationen av trådmaterial en enkel metod för att generera komplexa suspenderade geometrier, som gör efterföljande bearbetning överflödig.Den första delen av avhandlingen beskriver integration av icke-bondbar minnesmetall på kiselskivor, som möjliggjort en innovativ metod för att tillverka mikroaktuatorer. Dessutom används integration av högkvalitativa resistiva trådar på chip-nivå för att tillverka filamentbaserade infraröda emittrar, ämnade för gasmätning av alkohol i fordon. I andra delen presenteras en serie av okonventionella tillämpningar av trådintegration med användning av den traditionella termo-soniska trådbondningsmetoden. En ny och billig kväveoxidgassensor tillverkades genom att producera vertikala bondtrådar på chip. Den exakta placeringsnoggrannheten hos trådbondningsverktyget används för att integrera metallkärnor som skapar en elektrisk kontakt genom kisel. Slutligen utvärderas en avancerad fixering av stresskänsliga MEMS-gyroskop i kapsel, vilket uteslutande utnyttjar bindningstrådar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 92
Series
TRITA-EECS-AVL ; 2018:8
Keywords
Micro-electromechanical systems (MEMS), heterogeneous 3D integration, wire bonding, wire integration, transfer wafer bonding, nondispersive infrared gas sensing, low-stress packaging, shape memory alloy (SMA), infrared (IR) emitter, through silicon via (TSV), ethanol sensing, nitric oxide gas sensing, wafer-level, chip-level, Kanthal, nickel chromium (NiCr)
National Category
Other Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering
Research subject
Electrical Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-222346 (URN)978-91-7729-673-7 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-03-02, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
EU, European Research Council, 277879VINNOVA, 2015-00402
Note

QC 20180207

Available from: 2018-02-07 Created: 2018-02-07 Last updated: 2018-02-12Bibliographically approved

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