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Macro- and mesoporous nanocellulose beads for use in energy storage devices
KTH, Skolan för kemivetenskap (CHE), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1874-2187
KTH, Skolan för kemi, bioteknologi och hälsa (CBH), Fiber- och polymerteknologi, Fiberteknologi. KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Centra, VinnExcellens Centrum BiMaC Innovation.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-5286-333X
Innventia AB.
Acreo Swedish ICT AB.
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2016 (Engelska)Ingår i: APPLIED MATERIALS TODAY, ISSN 2352-9407, Vol. 5, s. 246-254Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Chemically cross-linked, wet-stable cellulose nanofibril (CNF) aerogel beads were fabricated using a novel procedure. The procedure facilitated controlled production of millimetre-sized CNF aerogel beads without freeze-drying or critical point drying, while still retaining a highly porous structure with low density. The aerogel beads were mechanically robust in the dry state, supporting loads of 1.3 N at 70% compression, even after being soaked in water and re-dried. Furthermore, they displayed both a good stability in water and a remarkably good shape recovery after wet compression. Owing to the stability in water, the entire surface of the highly porous aerogel beads could be successfully functionalized with polyelectrolytes and carboxyl-functionalized single-wall carbon nanotubes (CF-SWCNTs) using the Layer-by-Layer technique, introducing a significant electrical conductivity (1.6 mS/cm) to the aerogel beads. The functionalized, electrically conducting aerogel beads could carry as much as 2 kA/cm(2) and act as electrodes in a supercapacitor displaying a stabilized charge storage capacity of 9.8 F/g after 50 charging-discharging cycles.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2016. Vol. 5, s. 246-254
Nyckelord [en]
Supercapacitor, Layer-by-Layer, Size-reduced aerogel, Cellulose nanofibrils
Nationell ämneskategori
Materialkemi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-202785DOI: 10.1016/j.apmt.2016.09.008ISI: 000392950300023Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84995564002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-202785DiVA, id: diva2:1079136
Anmärkning

QC 20170307

Tillgänglig från: 2017-03-07 Skapad: 2017-03-07 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-11-14Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. CONTROLLED ASSEMBLY AND FUNCTIONALISATION OF CELLULOSE-BASED MATERIALS
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>CONTROLLED ASSEMBLY AND FUNCTIONALISATION OF CELLULOSE-BASED MATERIALS
2019 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The environmental effects caused by the use of fossil-based resources have intensified and driven society and research towards new materials and processes that utilise renewable resources. Within the development of new materials, wood has been identified as a raw-material from which high performing materials can be derived. One such material is cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) which are capable of replacing several currently used fossil-based materials. However, for CNFs to exhibit the required material properties they need to be chemically or physically modified. This means that the properties of the CNFs can be specifically adapted to fit the demand in particular areas, for example electrical energy storage. In these applications it is the mechanical properties; the large, easily functionalised surface and ability to be moulded into 3D shapes that make CNFs a highly interesting raw material.

This thesis explores the formation and functionalisation of CNF- and fibre-based materials and their novel use in applications such as energy storage. The wet stability of the materials was achieved by crosslinking and ice templating the fibrils by a novel freezing procedure, which makes it possible to avoid the use of freeze-drying and subsequent crosslinking. Using colloidal probe atomic force microscopy adhesion measurements, hemiacetals were shown to be formed between the aldehyde-containing fibrils when they are brought into molecular contact, for example during ice templating. Hemiacetal crosslinked aerogels have been shaped and functionalised to demonstrate their application as biomimetic structural composites, electrical circuits and electrical cells. In addition, crosslinked, light-weight 3D fibre networks were prepared with á similar chemistry by a self-assembly process of pulp fibres. These networks could be dried under ambient conditions and the materials formed were wet-stable due to the hemiacetal crosslinks formed in the fibre–fibre contacts, which provided the networks with excellent mechanical properties and shape recovery capacity in water.

Finally, using a newly developed polyampholyte and mixing it with CNFs, heterofunctional composite films and aerogels could be prepared. By activating crosslinkable groups in these composite materials, they were able to undergo further water based chemical functionalisation. In this highly dispersed state, the composite could be irreversibly crosslinked by a hydrothermal treatment to create transparent, low solid content hydrogels.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Stockholm: Kungliga Tekniska högskolan, 2019. s. 81
Serie
TRITA-CBH-FOU ; 2019:44
Nationell ämneskategori
Polymerteknologi Pappers-, massa- och fiberteknik
Forskningsämne
Fiber- och polymervetenskap
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-259346 (URN)978-91-7873-295-1 (ISBN)
Disputation
2019-10-11, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Forskningsfinansiär
Energimyndigheten, 37716-1
Anmärkning

QC 2019-09-13

Tillgänglig från: 2019-09-13 Skapad: 2019-09-13 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-04Bibliografiskt granskad

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Erlandsson, JohanLópez Durán, VeronicaLarsson, Per A.Wågberg, Lars

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Erlandsson, JohanLópez Durán, VeronicaLarsson, Per A.Wågberg, Lars
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FiberteknologiFiberteknologiVinnExcellens Centrum BiMaC InnovationFiber- och polymerteknologiWallenberg Wood Science Center
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