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Success-factors in transition to university mathematics
Matematiska vetenskaper, Chalmers och Göteborgs universitet..
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Mathematics (Dept.), Mathematics (Div.).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7158-5865
Institutionen för naturvetenskapernas och matematikens didaktik, Umeå universitet.
2017 (English)In: International journal of mathematical education in science and technology, ISSN 0020-739X, E-ISSN 1464-5211Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study examines different factors' relative importance for students' performance in the transition to university mathematics. Students' characteristics (motivation, actions and beliefs) were measured when entering the university and at the end of the first year. Principal component analysis revealed four important constructs: Self-efficacy, Motivation type, Study habits and Views of mathematics. Subsequently, orthogonal partial least squares (OPLS) analysis was used for measuring the constructs' ability to predict students' university mathematics grades. No individual constructs measured at the time of entrance predicted more than 5% of the variation. On the other hand, jointly they predicted 14%, which is almost in pair with upper secondary grades predicting 17%. Constructs measured at the end of the first year were stronger predictors, jointly predicting 37% of the variation in university grades, with Self-efficacy (21%) and Motivation (12%) being the two strongest individual predictors. In general, Study habits were not important for predicting university achievement. However, for students with low upper secondary grades, the textbook and interaction with peers, rather than internet-based resources, contributed positively to achievement. The association between Views of mathematics and performance was weak for all groups and non-existing for students with low grades.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2017.
Keywords [en]
Mathematics, transition, tertiary, self-efficacy, motivation, study habits, views of mathematics, pre-knowledge, grades
National Category
Didactics
Research subject
Education and Communication in the Technological Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-205641DOI: 10.1080/0020739X.2017.1310311ISI: 000407636000002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85017598657OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-205641DiVA, id: diva2:1089771
Note

QC 20170425

Available from: 2017-04-20 Created: 2017-04-20 Last updated: 2017-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/0020739X.2017.1310311

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CiteExportLink to record
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