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Energy Efficiency Analyses of a Vehicle in Modal and Transient Driving Cycles including Longitudinal and Vertical Dynamics
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg, Fordonsdynamik.
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1426-1936
KTH, Skolan för teknikvetenskap (SCI), Farkost och flyg.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4048-3452
2017 (Engelska)Ingår i: Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, ISSN 1361-9209, E-ISSN 1879-2340, Vol. 53, s. 263-275Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The growing concerns about the environmental issues caused by vehicles and a strive forbetter fuel economy, urge the legislators to introduce conservative regulations on vehicletesting and homologation procedures. To have accurate evaluations, driving cycles thatcan sufficiently describe the vehicles’ conditions experienced during driving is a prerequisite.In current driving cycles there are still some issues which are disregarded. The aim ofthe presented work is to study the contribution of chassis and vehicle dynamics settings ontyre rolling loss in comparison with the original assumptions made in the NEDC, FTP andHWFET driving cycles. A half-car model including a semi-physical explicit tyre model tosimulate the rolling loss is proposed. For the chosen vehicle and tyre characteristics,depending on the specific chassis settings and considered driving cycle, considerable differenceup to 7% was observed between the energy consumption of the proposed- and conventionalapproach. The current work aims to provide the legislators with a betterinsight into the real effects of chassis and vehicle dynamics during the certification processto further improve the test related procedures required for homologation such as generationof road load curves. I.e., the aim is not to provide a new homologation process, sincethere are also other effects such as road roughness and tyre temperature that need to beconsidered. The results are also of interest for the vehicle manufacturers for further considerationsduring test preparation as well as in the development phase in order to reduce theenvironmental impacts.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 53, s. 263-275
Nyckelord [en]
Driving cycle, Rolling loss, Tyre, Wheel alignments, Environmental impact, Homologation
Nationell ämneskategori
Farkostteknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207786DOI: 10.1016/j.trd.2017.04.019ISI: 000404324700019Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85018360882OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-207786DiVA, id: diva2:1098316
Anmärkning

QC 20170529

Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-23 Skapad: 2017-05-23 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-10-10Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Exploiting over-actuation to reduce tyre energy losses in vehicle manoeuvres
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Exploiting over-actuation to reduce tyre energy losses in vehicle manoeuvres
2017 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

Due to environmental and economic challenges road vehicles need bettersolutions to reduce energy consumption. Improvement in tyre rolling e-ciency is one of the key enablers for lower energy consumption. The shifttowards electrication and intelligent driving creates new opportunities todevelop energy-ecient vehicles. For instant over-actuated vehicles whichenables dierent objectives such as safety, performance and energy e-ciency to be fullled during a manoeuvre. The objective of this thesis is todevelop a simulation environment to simulate the energy dissipated fromthe tyre in order to investigate the potential to controlling dierent chassisparameters to reduce rolling losses during driving.The rst part of the thesis is dedicated to develop a high-delity semi-physical non-linear tyre model called the Extended Brush Tyre Model(EBM) to be used for energy studies in vehicle dynamics simulations andlater answer whether it is reasonable to believe that there is any potentialto reduce the rolling loss, and thereby energy consumption, using over-actuation.In the second part of the thesis the benets of over-actuation are invest-igated to enable rolling loss reduction. A control strategy using camber-sideslip control (CSC) is proposed. The allocation problem is solved in the formof an optimisation problem using Dynamics Programming (DP) and ModelPredictive Control (MPC). Exploiting the function for a chosen vehicle ina simulation environment shows a signicant improvement of about 60% inrolling loss reduction while maintaining path tracking. Also by using thisfunction the tyre forces can be distributed more evenly while maintainingthe global force, which results in an increase in the available tyre forcesthat is especially benecial when driving at the limit. It is revealed thatoptimising the vehicle manoeuvre from an energy perspective is sometimesin con ict with the safety demand, thus the energy and safety criteria needto be considered simultaneously during optimisation.Finally, experimental studies using an over-actuated concept vehicleconrmed that the CSC function can reduce overall energy consumptionduring low velocity manoeuvres up to about 13%. By increasing the speed,the saving potential decreases but the contribution is nonetheless of signi-cance. The developed simulation environment, including the EBM, willenable future studies of dierent solutions using over-actuation to reducerolling losses in dierent types of vehicles and driving tasks.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2017. s. 80
Serie
TRITA-AVE, ISSN 1651-7660 ; 2017:35
Nationell ämneskategori
Farkostteknik
Forskningsämne
Farkostteknik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-207787 (URN)978-91-7729-441-2 (ISBN)
Disputation
2017-06-13, D3, Lindstedtsvägen 5, Stockholm, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
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QC 20170524

Tillgänglig från: 2017-05-24 Skapad: 2017-05-24 Senast uppdaterad: 2017-06-29Bibliografiskt granskad

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