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Measuring the Socio-economic Benefits of Train Timetables: Application to Commuter Train Services in Stockholm
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9535-0617
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2447-2438
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-1789-9238
2017 (English)In: 20th EURO Working Group on Transportation Meeting, EWGT 2017, 4-6 September 2017, Budapest, Hungary, Elsevier, 2017, Vol. 27, p. 849-856Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

On highly used railway lines with heterogeneous traffic, timetabling is challenging. In particular, the limited existing capacity means that to guarantee an acceptable level of quality, the infrastructure manager must cancel some train services on the expense of others. In this article, we study the conflict between commercial long-distance trains and subsidized commuter trains with a socio-economic perspective (i.e. travelers and train operators). The study attempts to answer the following question: What is the socio-economic effect of modifying the timetable of a commuter service?The case study treats the commuter train services in Stockholm. Trip data was collected from the local commuter train operator. An entropy maximization-based model was implemented to estimate the dynamic network Origin-Destination (OD) matrix. This dynamic matrix, of one full working day, was then used to estimate the number of travelers per train, and further converted for use in the microscopic simulation tool RailSys. Travel and waiting time are estimated for each OD pair and with that the generalized costs for the travelers and operators. The effect of crowding in the trains is included in the estimation. The article can be considered as an initiation to a novel method to calculate effects of changes in commuter train timetables. This novel approach enables to price commercial train slots in the capacity allocation process such as in an auction. It provides a new way to estimate the local train operator´s valuation of the different parameters (i.e. waiting, travel time and interchanges). Using RailSys for the estimation of times makes it possible to include capacity aspects that normally are difficult to reveal.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 27, p. 849-856
Series
Transportation Research Procedia, ISSN 2352-1465 ; 27
Keywords [en]
train timetabling; socio-economic benefits; railway simulation
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics; Transport Science; Planning and Decision Analysis; Järnvägsgruppen - Kapacitet; Järnvägsgruppen - Effektiva tågsystem för persontrafik; The KTH Railway Group - Tribology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-211534DOI: 10.1016/j.trpro.2017.12.124Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85039970574OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-211534DiVA, id: diva2:1129801
Conference
20th EURO Working Group on Transportation Meeting, EWGT 2017, 4-6 September 2017, Budapest, Hungary
Projects
Railway capacity allocation
Funder
Swedish Transport Administration, H6675
Note

QC 20170822

Available from: 2017-08-07 Created: 2017-08-07 Last updated: 2018-02-20Bibliographically approved

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Warg, JenniferEliasson, Jonas

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