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Porosity and shape of airborne wear microparticles generated by sliding contact between a low-metallic friction material and a cast iron
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.), Maskinkonstruktion (Avd.).
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap.
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Materialvetenskap.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1102-4342
KTH, Skolan för industriell teknik och management (ITM), Maskinkonstruktion (Inst.).ORCID-id: 0000-0003-2489-0688
2017 (engelsk)Inngår i: Journal of Aerosol Science, ISSN 0021-8502, E-ISSN 1879-1964, Vol. 113, s. 130-140Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

The wear of brakes in transport vehicles is one of the main anthropogenic sources of airborne particulate matter in urban environments. The present study deals with the characterisation of airborne wear microparticles from a low-metallic friction material / cast iron pair used in car brakes. Particles were generated by a pin-on-disc machine in a sealed chamber at sliding velocity of 1.3 m/s and contact pressure of 1.5 MPa. They were collected on filters in an electrical low pressure impactor, and an investigation was conducted to quantify their shape and porosity. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that most of the 0.1−0.9 µm particles are flakes and have a breadth-to-length aspect ratio of 0.7 ± 0.2. Particle porosity was determined by milling particles with a focused ion beam and subsequent analysis of the exposed particle cross-sections. Most of the 0.3–6.2 µm particles were revealed to have porosity of 9 ± 6%. Analysis of the relationship between effective particle density, particle material density, dynamic shape factor and porosity showed that the shape factor has a stronger influence on the effective density of airborne wear particles than the porosity factor. The obtained results are useful for accurate prediction of particle behaviour in the atmosphere and in the human respiratory system.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Elsevier, 2017. Vol. 113, s. 130-140
Emneord [en]
Aerosol measurement, Airborne wear particles, Dynamic shape factor, Particle porosity, Particle shape, Pin-on-disc, Aspect ratio, Cast iron, Characterization, Friction, Friction materials, Ion beams, Respiratory system, Scanning electron microscopy, Urban transportation, Airborne wears, Pin on disc, Shape factor, Porosity
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Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-218639DOI: 10.1016/j.jaerosci.2017.07.015ISI: 000413664700013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85028439645OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-218639DiVA, id: diva2:1161271
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QC 20171129

Tilgjengelig fra: 2017-11-29 Laget: 2017-11-29 Sist oppdatert: 2019-10-18bibliografisk kontrollert

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Borrajo-Pelaez, RafaelHedström, PeterOlofsson, Ulf

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