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The Biogas Sector Development: Current and future trends in Western and Northern Europe
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Heat and Power Technology.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The following study attempts to provide a comparative analysis of the biogas production activities in 15 countries in Western and Northern Europe. The goal is, for each country, to gather all the available information about the present status of the biogas sector and then to evaluate the possible trends for future development in terms of main biogas production pathways, valorization, volumes, market dynamics, etc.First, a review of the current biogas production, including feedstock types and valuation pathways, is carried on. Then, national supporting schemes are reviewed and assessed in order to estimate their future impact on the production capacity. An estimate of the production volumes in year 2022 is attempted, based on the extrapolation of current support schemes and national objectives. The prognosis towards year 2022 is further subjected to sensitivity analysis with the breakdown per valorization method and feedstock input types, as well as with the probable variability of financial support schemes. The results of the study are summarized and discussed based on comparisons with other forecasts and feedstock availability projections.The results show that the current situation in each country is very heterogeneous in terms of technologies, volumes, maturity, potential growth and valorization aspects. However, the future holds a promise of a more straightforward trendline: agricultural residues should be used much more as feedstock (in co-digestion with other inputs) and biogas upgrade to biomethane should increase a lot, mainly for injection in existing gas grids. However, market dynamics are and will remain very different from one country to another, because of diverging support schemes set on a national scale.

Abstract [sv]

Följande studie behandlar biogasproduktionen i 15 länder i västra och norra Europa. Målet är att för varje enskilt land samla all tillgänglig information om biogasektorn: huvudproduktionsvägar, valorisering, volymer, marknadsdynamiken, m.m.För det första genomförs en översyn av den nuvarande biogasproduktionen, inklusive inmatningstyper och värderingsvägar. Därefter granskas och utvärderas nationella stödsystem för att uppskatta deras framtida påverkan på produktionen. En uppskattning av produktionen för år 2022 gjordes, som baseras på det nuvarande energistödregelverket och de olika nationella målen. Prognoserna för år 2022 kommer med fördelning enligt valoriseringsmetod och eventuellt en framtida expandering av råvarutillförseln. Resultaten av studien diskuteras sedan baserat på jämförelser med andra prognoser och tillgång till råvaror.Resultaten visar att den nuvarande situationen i varje land är mycket varierande när det gäller teknik, volymer, markandsmognad, potentiell tillväxt och avkastning. Framtiden blir emellertid enklare: jordbruksrester (främst vid samrötning med andra råvaror) bör användas mycket mer och biometanproduktionen kommer att öka mycket, främst för biogasuppgradering och inmatning i naturgasnätet. Marknadsdynamiken kommer emellertid att vara väldigt annorlunda från ett land till ett annat, på grund av de stödsystem som fastställs på nationell nivå.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 71
National Category
Energy Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-226525OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-226525DiVA, id: diva2:1198846
External cooperation
E-CUBE Strategy Consultants, France
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-04-19 Created: 2018-04-19 Last updated: 2018-04-19Bibliographically approved

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