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Tuning the magnetodynamic properties of all-perpendicular spin valves using He+ irradiation
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics, Materials and Nanophysics. NanOsc AB, S-16440 Kista, Sweden..
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics.
Univ Paris Saclay, Univ Paris Sud, CNRS, Inst Elect Fondamentale, F-91405 Orsay, France..
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences (SCI), Applied Physics. Univ Gothenburg, Dept Phys, S-41296 Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9107-3309
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2018 (English)In: AIP Advances, ISSN 2158-3226, E-ISSN 2158-3226, Vol. 8, no 6, article id 065309Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Using He+ ion irradiation, we demonstrate how the magnetodynamic properties of both ferromagnetic layers in all-perpendicular [Co/Pd]/Cu/[Co/Ni] spin valves can be tuned by varying the He+ ion fluence. As the perpendicular magnetic anisotropy of both layers is gradually reduced by the irradiation, different magnetic configurations can be achieved from all-perpendicular (up arrow up arrow), through orthogonal (->up arrow), to all in-plane (paired right arrows). In addition, both the magnetic damping (alpha) and the inhomogeneous broadening (Delta H-0) of the Co/Ni layer improve substantially with increasing fluence. While the GMR of the spin valve is negatively affected, decreasing linearly from an original value of 1.14% to 0.4% at the maximum fluence of 50x10(14) He+/cm(2), most of the Co/Ni layer improvement is achieved already at a fluence of 10x10(14) He+/cm(2), for which GMR only reduces to 0.9%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
AMER INST PHYSICS , 2018. Vol. 8, no 6, article id 065309
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-232262DOI: 10.1063/1.5024472ISI: 000436855300082Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85048621398OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-232262DiVA, id: diva2:1233826
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research Swedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg FoundationEU, FP7, Seventh Framework Programme, 307144
Note

QC 20180719

Available from: 2018-07-19 Created: 2018-07-19 Last updated: 2018-09-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Engineering Magnetic Droplets in Nanocontact Spin-Torque Nano-Oscillators
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Engineering Magnetic Droplets in Nanocontact Spin-Torque Nano-Oscillators
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Spin-torque nano-oscillators (STNOs) are nanoscale spintronic devices capable of generating highly tunable broadband microwave signals. In this thesis, I study nanocontact (NC)-based STNOs using strong perpendicular magnetic anisotropy(PMA) free layers, where a novel magnetic soliton—a magnetic droplet—exists. This work is devoted to further understanding the characteristics of the magnetic droplet in diverse magnetic structures, including orthogonal and all-perpendicular(all-PMA) spin valves (SVs) and orthogonal magnetic tunnel junctions (MTJs). The nucleation, transition, and collapse of magnetic droplets are observed, tailored, and analyzed by engineering the magnetic properties of the thin films’ stacks. This thesis consists of three main parts: Orthogonal SVs with [Co/Ni]/Cu/CoxNiFe1−x: Magnetic droplets were first observed in orthogonal SV STNOs. We engineered the fixed layer magnetization Ms,p by cosputtering different compositions of CoxNiFe1−x (x = 0−1). The nucleation boundaries of a magnetic droplet in a current-field phase shift to a lower region as Ms,p decreases. The nucleation boundary is also examined under canted fields in order to better understand the drift instability of the droplets. The observations not only confirm the theoretical predictions of nucleation boundary, but suggest a method for controlling the nucleation boundary. All-PMA SVs with [Co/Ni]/Cu/[Co/Pd]: In contrast to orthogonal SVs,all-PMA NC-STNOs show many novel features. First, thanks to the dramatic improvement in droplet stability that results from using a [Co/Pd] PMA fixed layer, the droplets are directly imaged by a scanning transmission x-ray microscopy(STXM). The transition between the static bubble and magnetic droplet is also observed and imaged. Moreover, to investigate the effect of PMA, He+ irradiation is conducted on the all-PMA NC-STNOs, progressively tuning the PMA. The transitions of the normal FMR-like mode and droplet mode are demonstrated. The behavior of frequency tunability versus PMA is systematically studied. These investigations of all-PMA and irradiated NC-STNOs show that it is feasible to engineer the magnetic properties of STNOs through He+ irradiation. Besides, the dynamic droplets and static bubbles have great potential applications in next-generation information carriers. Orthogonal MTJs with CoFeB/MgO/CoFe: The existence of droplets in orthogonal MTJs is still debated. Instead, the magnetodynamics are investigated here. Very importantly, we find that the frequency tunability is determined by the spin-transfer torque (STT), the voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy (VCMA), and thermal heating. This paves the way to improving tunability by combining these contributions. This study will contribute greatly to real applications, such as microwave generators and detectors.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 74
Series
TRITA-SCI-FOU ; 2018:36
Keywords
Magnetic Droplet, Magnetic Tunnel Junction, Perpendicular Magnetic Anisotropy, Spin-torque Nano-Oscillators, Spin-Valve.
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-234464 (URN)978-91-7729-920-2 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-10-04, Hall C, ​Electrum 229, Kista, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research Swedish Research CouncilKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note

QC 20180907

Available from: 2018-09-10 Created: 2018-09-06 Last updated: 2018-09-18Bibliographically approved

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Jiang, ShengChung, SunjaeLe, Quang TuanÅkerman, Johan

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