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Cooperation Strategies for Partly Wireless C-RAN
Korea Adv Inst Sci & Technol, Sch Elect Engn, Daejeon 34141, South Korea..
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7559-8911
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Communication Systems, CoS, Radio Systems Laboratory (RS Lab).ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7642-3067
Korea Adv Inst Sci & Technol, Sch Elect Engn, Daejeon 34141, South Korea..
2018 (English)In: IEEE Communications Letters, ISSN 1089-7798, E-ISSN 1558-2558, Vol. 22, no 6, p. 1248-1251Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This letter presents a variant of cloud radio access network (C-RAN) architecture, which we term partly wireless C-RAN (PW-CRAN). It is characterized by extra radio nodes connected through the existing remote radio heads. Because of the newly connected nodes and the consequent additional delay, the operation of PW-CRAN requires different approaches compared with that of the typical C-RAN. Specifically, the effect of delayed channel state information on the suitability of network cooperation should be identified. To tackle this problem, we introduce two representative cooperation strategies and evaluate the performance with regard to the delay via simulations. Numerical results suggest that it is better to exclude the extra nodes from cooperation if they incur excess delay. Furthermore, whether the delay is deemed excessive depends on the interference environment. Hence, we provide quantified guidelines on the cooperation strategy of PW-CRAN.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC , 2018. Vol. 22, no 6, p. 1248-1251
Keywords [en]
Cloud radio access network, cooperation strategy, fronthaul link, delay, imperfect channel state information
National Category
Electrical Engineering, Electronic Engineering, Information Engineering Communication Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-231721DOI: 10.1109/LCOMM.2018.2807814ISI: 000435175800035Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85042172488OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-231721DiVA, id: diva2:1239141
Note

QC 20180815

Available from: 2018-08-15 Created: 2018-08-15 Last updated: 2018-11-20Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Ultra-Densification for Future Cellular Networks: Performance Analysis and Design Insights
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Ultra-Densification for Future Cellular Networks: Performance Analysis and Design Insights
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The traffic volume in wireless communication has grown dramatically in the lastdecade. Recent predictions indicate such data storm will be even more violent in theshort run. Potential solutions for accommodating the rapid traffic growth can besummed up into three categories: broadening the available bandwidth, improvingthe spectral efficiency, and densifying the infrastructure. In this thesis, we focuson the densification dimension which has been proven to be the most effectiveone in the past. The current gain of network densification mainly comes from cellsplitting, thereby serving more user equipment (UE) simultaneously. This trendwill decelerate as the base station (BS) density gets closer to or even surpassesthe UE density which forms an ultra-dense network (UDN). Thus, it is crucialto understand the behavior and design operations of ultra-densification in futurenetworks.

An important question for future system design and operating strategy is whichelement is more effective than others. To this end, we start from comparing the effectivenessof densification with spectrum expansion and multi-antenna systems interms of meeting certain traffic demand. Our findings show that deploying more BSsprovides a substantial gain in sparse network but the gain decreases progressively ina UDN. Meanwhile, even with the same area throughput, different combinations ofindividual throughput and UE density lead to different requirements for resources.The diminishing gain appearing in UDNs makes us curious to know if there existsa terminal on the way of densification. Such uncertainty leads to the study onthe asymptotic behavior of densification. By incorporating a sophisticated boundeddual-slope path loss model and practical UE densities in our analysis, we present theasymptotic behavior of ultra-densification: the coverage probability and area spectralefficiency (ASE) have non-zero convergences in asymptotic regions unless theUE density goes to infinity (full load). Our results suggest that network densificationcannot always improve the UE performance or boost the network throughput.

Next, we shift our focus to the operations of UDNs. We first study BS cooperationsin two UDN scenarios: homogeneous and heterogeneous UDNs which aredistinguished by BS types. In both cases, the cooperation rules become more complicatedthan those in traditional networks. Either channel state information (CSI) orextra delay information needs to be acquired in order to obtain cooperation gains.At last, we investigate the feasibility of applying random beamforming to initialaccess in millimeter-wave (mmWave) UDNs. To our surprise, the simple methodcan provide sufficient performance in both control and data plane, comparing withthe existing schemes. Therefore, it may be unnecessary to develop complex algorithmsfor initial access in future dense mmWave networks. The findings indicatethat UDN may complicate network operations while it may also facilitate the use ofsimple schemes. Our work provides insights into the understanding of the networkdensification and thus paves the way for the operational design of future UDNs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 59
Series
TRITA-EECS-AVL ; 2018:88
National Category
Communication Systems
Research subject
Telecommunication
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239175 (URN)978-91-7873-017-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-12-07, Ka-Sal C (Sal Sven-Olof Öhrvik), Electrum, Kungl Tekniska högskolan, Kistagången 16, Kista, Stockholm, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20181119

Available from: 2018-11-19 Created: 2018-11-19 Last updated: 2018-11-19Bibliographically approved

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Yang, YanpengSung, Ki Won

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