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Individual, Travel, and Bus Stop Characteristics Influencing Travelers’ Safety Perceptions
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9875-3980
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5302-1698
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science.
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Transport Science. Department of Transport and Planning, Delft University of Technology, Delft, the Netherlands.
2018 (English)In: TRR Journal of transportation research boardArticle in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Ensuring safety during door-to-door public transport trips is a fundamental challenge to service providers as safety influences individuals’ mobility. Using reported safety perceptions of travelers waiting at six bus stops with different characteristics in Stockholm, this study investigates factors that have an impact on determining travelers’ perceived safety and crime perceptions. This is done by assessing the importance of real-time information provision and the environmental characteristics of bus stops during the day and at night for different types of crime, after controlling for travelers’ individual and trip characteristics, and their previous experiences of victimization. Interaction effects of age, gender, and travel frequency are also tested. The  results  suggest  that  bus  shelter  characteristics,  natural  surveillance,  and  trustworthy  real-time  information  are  the most important factors influencing safety and crime perceptions. Additionally, safety perceptions are strongly influenced by previous experiences of victimization. The effect of perceived feelings about crime and safety are found to be nuanced by age and gender. Unlike some common beliefs, travelers: (1) feel less worried about becoming a victim of crime at bus stops associated with high crime rates; (2) prefer opaque shelters at night; and (3) have higher safety perceptions when the stop is located in an area of mixed land use. The impact of a bus stop’s number of passers-by is found to be insignificant. No direct or indirect effects can be attributed to frequency of travel by bus, indicating that familiar places and routine behavior have noeffect on declared crime and safety perceptions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
bus stops, Stockholm, physical and social characteristics, modelling
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-233896DOI: 10.1177/0361198118758677Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85045236948OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-233896DiVA, id: diva2:1244408
Note

QC 20180903

Available from: 2018-08-31 Created: 2018-08-31 Last updated: 2018-09-03Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full textScopushttp://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0361198118758677

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Abenoza, Roberto

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