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Preferred swing ratio in jazz as a function of tempo
KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Speech, Music and Hearing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2926-6518
KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Speech, Music and Hearing.
1997 (English)In: TMH-QPSR, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 019-027Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

In jazz music it is common to perform consecutive eighth notes with an alternating duration pattern of long-short. The exact duration ratio (the swing ratio) of the long-short pattern has been largely unknown. The first experiment describes measurements of the swing ratio in the ride cymbal from well-known jazz recordings. The second experiment was a production task where subjects adjusted the swing ratio of a computer generated performance to a preferred value. Both these experiments show that the swing ratio varies approximately linearly with tempo. The swing ratio can be as high as 3.5:1 at comparatively slow tempi around 120 bpm. When the tempo is fast the swing ratio reaches 1:1, that is, the eighth notes are performed evenly. The duration of the short note in the long-short pattern is approximately constant (≅ 100 ms) for medium to fast tempi.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 38, no 4, p. 019-027
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Speech and Music Communication
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-234423OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-234423DiVA, id: diva2:1246291
Note

QCR 20180910

Available from: 2018-09-07 Created: 2018-09-07 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved

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fulltext(55 kB)104 downloads
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http://www.speech.kth.se/prod/publications/files/2968.pdf

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf