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Stopping in running and in music performance Part I. Runners’ decelerations and final ritards
KTH, Superseded Departments (pre-2005), Speech, Music and Hearing.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2926-6518
1997 (English)In: TMH-QPSR, Vol. 38, no 1, p. 067-073Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

Music and motion are generally assumed to be closely related. In an attempt to analyse such relations with regard to the stopping of running and the termination of a piece of music, we made video recordings of four professional dancers while they were stopping after running. Interstep durations were determined from contact microphones on the floor and step lengths from the video recordings. Two different initial step frequencies were used at three different deceleration conditions. Instant values of body velocity and step frequency were estimated. Six choreographers rated the aesthetic quality of the deceleration from the video recordings. The data curves from highly rated decelerations seemed more regular and smooth as compared to the decelerations rated lower. In highly rated decelerations the change of step frequency could be approximated by a linear function of step number and the mean body velocity as a square root function of time. This implies a linear relationship between kinetic energy and time, i.e., the braking power remained constant throughout these decelerations. The mean body velocity showed a striking similarity with the mean tempo of final ritards in music performances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1997. Vol. 38, no 1, p. 067-073
National Category
Computer and Information Sciences
Research subject
Speech and Music Communication
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-234421OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-234421DiVA, id: diva2:1246294
Note

QC 20180910

Available from: 2018-09-07 Created: 2018-09-07 Last updated: 2018-09-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf