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Measures and Steps for More Efficient Use of Buildings
KTH, Skolan för arkitektur och samhällsbyggnad (ABE), Hållbar utveckling, miljövetenskap och teknik, Strategiska hållbarhetsstudier.
RISE Res Inst Sweden, Eklandagatan 86, S-41261 Gothenburg, Sweden..ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3863-0740
2018 (Engelska)Ingår i: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, nr 6, artikel-id 1949Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

As urbanization continues and more people move into cities and urban areas, pressure on available land for new constructions will continue to increase. This situation constitutes an incentive to review the need for interior space and uses of existing buildings. A great deal can be gained from using existing buildings more efficiently instead of constructing new ones: Reduced resource usage during construction (investments, natural resources, and energy), operation, and maintenance; more activity per square meter of buildings creates a greater basis for public transport and other services; more intensive use of buildings creates a more vibrant city without building on virgin land. The aim of this paper is to initiate a discussion regarding how digitalization can affect the demand and supply of interior space in existing buildings and elaborate on how policy can support more resource-efficient uses of space. New activity-based resource measurements intended for use in buildings are proposed, and several principles that have the potential to decrease environmental impact through more efficient usage of space are outlined. Based on these ideas for encouraging the flexible use of building spaces that are facilitated by digitalization and the new measurement approaches, a four-step principle for construction is proposed: The first step is to reduce the demand for space, the second is to intensify usage of existing space, the third is to reconstruct and adapt existing buildings to current needs, and the fourth is to construct new buildings. Urging political, municipal, construction, and real-estate decision makers to contemplate this principle, particularly in view of the new conditions that digitalization entails, will lead to more sustainable construction and, in the long term, a sustainable built environment.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
MDPI , 2018. Vol. 10, nr 6, artikel-id 1949
Nyckelord [en]
resource use, energy use, interior space utilization, buildings, sharing, digitalization
Nationell ämneskategori
Annan teknik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-235148DOI: 10.3390/su10061949ISI: 000436570100261Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85048257456OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-235148DiVA, id: diva2:1248589
Forskningsfinansiär
Forskningsrådet Formas, 2013-1804 SIRen
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QC 20180917

Tillgänglig från: 2018-09-17 Skapad: 2018-09-17 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-09-17Bibliografiskt granskad

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Höjer, MattiasMjörnell, Kristina
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