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Inhomogeneity-Induced Casimir Transport of Nanoparticles
South China Normal Univ, Ctr Opt & Electromagnet Res, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Opt Informat Mat & Technol, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
Zhejiang Univ, Natl Engn Res Ctr Opt Instrumentat, State Key Lab Modern Opt Instrumentat, Ctr Opt & Electromagnet Res,JORCEP,Coll Opt Sci &, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
South China Normal Univ, Ctr Opt & Electromagnet Res, Guangdong Prov Key Lab Opt Informat Mat & Technol, South China Acad Adv Optoelect, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China..
Zhejiang Univ, Natl Engn Res Ctr Opt Instrumentat, State Key Lab Modern Opt Instrumentat, Ctr Opt & Electromagnet Res,JORCEP,Coll Opt Sci &, Hangzhou 310058, Zhejiang, Peoples R China..
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2018 (English)In: Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, E-ISSN 1079-7114, Vol. 121, no 13, article id 130401Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We propose a scheme for transporting nanoparticles immersed in a fluid, relying on quantum vacuum fluctuations. The mechanism lies in the inhomogeneity-induced lateral Casimir force between a nanoparticle and a gradient metasurface and the relaxation of the conventional Dzyaloshinskii-Lifshitz-Pitaevskii constraint, which allows quantum levitation for a broader class of material configurations. The velocity for a nanosphere levitated above a grating is calculated and can be up to a few microns per minute. The Born approximation gives general expressions for the Casimir energy which reveal size-selective transport. For any given metasurface, a certain particle-metasurface separation exists where the transport velocity peaks, forming a "Casimir passage." The sign and strength of the Casimir interactions can be tuned by the shapes of liquid-air menisci, potentially allowing real-time control of an otherwise passive force, and enabling interesting on-off or directional switching of the transport process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physical Society, 2018. Vol. 121, no 13, article id 130401
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Physical Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-235874DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.121.130401ISI: 000445515500001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053924414OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-235874DiVA, id: diva2:1254352
Note

QC 20181009

Available from: 2018-10-09 Created: 2018-10-09 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved

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