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Non-oxidative hair dye products on the European market: What do they contain?
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2145-3650
Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Dept Med Informat Biometry & Epidemiol, Erlangen, Germany..ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4498-3710
Guys Hosp, St Johns Inst Dermatol, London, England.;Lewisham & Greenwich NHS Trust, London, England..
Stockholm Cty Council, Ctr Occupat & Environm Med, Stockholm, Sweden..
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2018 (English)In: Contact Dermatitis, ISSN 0105-1873, E-ISSN 1600-0536, Vol. 79, no 5, p. 281-287Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Hair dyeing is very common and may cause allergic contact dermatitis. Oxidative (often termed permanent or semi-permanent) hair dye products have constituted the focus of market surveys and toxicological risk assessments, while non-oxidative (semi-permanent, temporary or direct) products have not been assessed. Objectives: To identify the hair dye substances presently used in non-oxidative hair dye products in Europe. Methods: Ingredient label data on eligible products in 5 European countries were collected, and 289 different non-oxidative hair dye products were included in this study. Results: Up to 9 hair dye substances were present in each product. Sixty-eight individual hair dye substances were identified on the 289 product labels, and their occurrence ranged from 0.3% to 34%. There were differences concerning substances used and their number per product between products of different consistency and colour. Conclusions: The hair dye substances in non-oxidative hair dye products are different from those in oxidative hair dye products, and are currently not covered by patch test series. The toxicological and skin-sensitizing profile of the substances in non-oxidative hair dye products, as well as their concentrations, should be further investigated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2018. Vol. 79, no 5, p. 281-287
Keywords [en]
consumer products, cosmetics, exposure analysis, hair dyes, ingredient label, market survey, non-permanent, temporary
National Category
Dermatology and Venereal Diseases
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-237087DOI: 10.1111/cod.13074ISI: 000446074000004PubMedID: 30028011Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85050624419OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-237087DiVA, id: diva2:1258291
Note

QC 20181024

Available from: 2018-10-24 Created: 2018-10-24 Last updated: 2018-10-24Bibliographically approved

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Hedberg, Yolanda

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