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A study on the nonmetallic inclusion motions in a swirling flow submerged entry nozzle in a new cylindrical tundish design
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1203-0181
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4384-7984
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Materials Science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9775-0382
2018 (English)In: Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science, ISSN 1073-5615, E-ISSN 1543-1916, Vol. 49, no 2, p. 723-736Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Different sizes and shapes of nonmetallic inclusions in a swirling flow submerged entry nozzle (SEN) placed in a new tundish design were investigated by using a Lagrangian particle tracking scheme. The results show that inclusions in the current cylindrical tundish have difficulties remaining in the top tundish region, since a strong rotational steel flow exists in this region. This high rotational flow of 0.7 m/s provides the required momentum for the formation of a strong swirling flow inside the SEN. The results show that inclusions larger than 40 µm were found to deposit to a smaller extent on the SEN wall compared to smaller inclusions. The reason is that these large inclusions have Separation number values larger than 1. Thus, the swirling flow causes these large size inclusions to move toward the SEN center. For the nonspherical inclusions, large size inclusions were found to be deposited on the SEN wall to a larger extent, compared to spherical inclusions. More specifically, the difference of the deposited inclusion number is around 27 pct. Overall, it was found that the swirling flow contains three regions, namely, the isotropic core region, the anisotropic turbulence region and the near-wall region. Therefore, anisotropic turbulent fluctuations should be taken into account when the inclusion motion was tracked in this complex flow. In addition, many inclusions were found to deposit at the SEN inlet region. The plotted velocity distribution shows that the inlet flow is very chaotic. A high turbulent kinetic energy value of around 0.08 m2/s2 exists in this region, and a recirculating flow was also found here. These flow characteristics are harmful since they increase the inclusion transport toward the wall. Therefore, a new design of the SEN inlet should be developed in the future, with the aim to modify the inlet flow so that the inclusion deposition is reduced.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2018. Vol. 49, no 2, p. 723-736
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-238356DOI: 10.1007/s11663-017-1162-yISI: 000426808500024Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85047456102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-238356DiVA, id: diva2:1262592
Note

QC 20181113

Available from: 2018-11-12 Created: 2018-11-12 Last updated: 2018-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Ni, PeiyuanErsson, MikaelJonsson, Lage Tord IngemarJönsson, Pär

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Ni, PeiyuanErsson, MikaelJonsson, Lage Tord IngemarJönsson, Pär
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Metallurgical and materials transactions. B, process metallurgy and materials processing science
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials

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