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The Austerical City.: London at the crush test of austerity
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis [Artistic work]Alternative title
Den Austeriska Staden. : Londons austerity-krocktest. (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

In the UK, the unprecedented cuts to local budgets, implemented by the national governments from 2010 to the present day, have pushed local authorities to reconsider their scope, their role and their action. The ever decreasing budgets have de facto transformed local councils from service providers to territorial entrepreneurs, as the pressing pursuit of revenues has placed the economic profit at the core of the local policy-making. Urban planning plays a central role in this shift in mindset. The British planning system has been remodelled so to facilitate the implementation of development processes, as these grant revenues from planning obligations, uplifts in land values and higher income from taxes. The reform of the planning system has however conceded free rein to developers, especially through the introduction of the Development Viability Appraisal, a document which they use to reduce the provision of affordable housing, in favour of luxury housing tenures. Therefore, in London the mechanisms that rule the territorial transformations exacerbate the existing housing crisis and force local communities to face displacement. Austerity has thus initiated a cascade-effect whose negative externalities are tangible at the very local level. The emerged topics find their concretization in the description of the Heygate Estate regeneration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 96
Series
TRITA-ABE-MBT ; 18486
Keywords [en]
London, UK, Austerity, Viability Assessment, Governance, Regeneration, Displacement, Gentrification, Neoliberalism, Heygate, Elephant & Castle
National Category
Public Administration Studies Economic Geography Economics Architecture Design
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239012OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-239012DiVA, id: diva2:1263200
Subject / course
Urban Planning and Design
Educational program
Z - School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE)
Presentation
2018-10-24, 14:19 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2019-01-11 Created: 2018-11-14 Last updated: 2019-01-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf