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Evaluation of Sustainable Urban District Developments: The case of Stockholm Royal Seaport
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Sustainable development, Environmental science and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2955-060X
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Urban sustainable development is now seen as one of the keys in the quest for a sustainable world and increased interest in developing sustainable urban districts has become an important feature of urban sustainability. However, if cities and their districts are to be part of this transition, it will be necessary to determine the state and progress of urban developments. Evaluation and follow-up activities must therefore be an integral part of modern sustainability work.

This thesis investigated evaluation methods and strategies for determining progress towards sustainable urban district development. The Stockholm Royal Seaport district in Sweden was used as the research arena in studies based on urban metabolism theories, including a single case study approach, focus group interviews, the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development and quantitative data analysis. The thesis main results can be summarised as follows.

A structured frame for use in theory and practice can strengthen programme development and minimise the risk of built-in problems in environmental and sustainability plans for new urban districts. The proposed evaluation model for Stockholm Royal Seaport displayed strengths regarding core evaluation activities, such as communicating a strong vision and recognising continuity in the evaluation process. It displayed weaknesses as regards organisational structure and system boundaries.

 The proof-of-concept implementation of a Smart Urban Metabolism framework enabled real-time evaluation data on district scale to be generated and processed. The implementation process also led to identification of limitations in the framework, such as access to business sensitive data, failed integration of data streams and privacy concerns. Dynamic, high-resolution meter data can provide a higher degree of transparency in evaluation results and permit inclusion of all stakeholder groups in urban districts. The frequently used energy performance indicator kWh/m2 (Atemp) was shown to be an insufficient communication tool to mediate knowledge, due to conflation of consumption and construction parameters and the need for prior knowledge for full understanding.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
STOCKHOLM: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. , p. 74
Series
TRITA-ABE-DLT ; 1838
Keywords [en]
Evaluation, Follow-up, Sustainable urban development, Sustainable districts
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Ecology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239444ISBN: 978-91-7873-036-0 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-239444DiVA, id: diva2:1265429
Public defence
2018-12-14, Kollegiesalen, Brinellvägen 8, Stockholm, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 20181123

Available from: 2018-11-23 Created: 2018-11-23 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Stockholm Royal Seaport moving towards the goals—Potential and limitations of dynamic and high resolution evaluation data
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Stockholm Royal Seaport moving towards the goals—Potential and limitations of dynamic and high resolution evaluation data
2018 (English)In: Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, E-ISSN 1872-6178, Vol. 169, p. 388-396Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cites have been identified as one key arena to meet future sustainability challenges. However, if cites are to be part of the transition it must become possible to confirm results of ongoing actions. By the introduction information and communication technologies, it has become easier to collect performance parameters from the built environment, thereby enable more detailed evaluation. The aim of this paper is therefore to examine the potential and limitation of using dynamic and high resolution meter data for evaluation of energy consumption in buildings and households. The novelty of this approach is that dynamic and high resolution meter data can increase the level of detail in evaluation results and ease detection of deviations in the structures performance. However, most benefits are found from the occupant perspective, as more detailed evaluation information enable better inclusion of this stakeholder group. Furthermore this study has shown that the commonly used indicator energy use per heated floor area is an insufficient communication tool when taking holistic approach to building energy evaluation. Limitation to full use of dynamic and high resolution meter data have been identified to data collection and management, preservation of personal integrity and incentives to react on the given evaluation information.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2018
Keywords
Building evaluation, Dynamic evaluation, High resolution meter data, Stockholm Royal Seaport
National Category
Energy Systems
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-227540 (URN)10.1016/j.enbuild.2018.03.078 (DOI)000434005700035 ()2-s2.0-85045403250 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20180509

Available from: 2018-05-09 Created: 2018-05-09 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved
2. Can Stockholm Royal Seaport be part of the puzzle towards global sustainability?: - From local to global sustainability using the same set of criteria
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Can Stockholm Royal Seaport be part of the puzzle towards global sustainability?: - From local to global sustainability using the same set of criteria
2017 (English)In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 140, p. 72-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Urban sustainable development is today seen as one of the keys towards unlocking the quest for a sustainable world. One feature of urban sustainability is the increased interest in developing sustainable urban districts. For many of these developments, guiding sustainability documents are developed to frame future goals. However, few of these documents specify on which grounds they determine the sustainability of goals and they are largely developed as independent islands of local sustainability. This is unfortunate as cities and their districts are fully dependent on surrounding environments. Failing to include a holistic approach into,the local planning increases the risk of sub-optimisation, future lock-ins and missed targets on a higher level. The aim of this study is to analyse whether the environmental and sustainability programme for Stockholm Royal Seaport, a new urban district in Stockholm, Sweden, can guide development of the district towards holistic ecological sustainability. By using the Framework for Strategic Sustainable Development a holistic template for an ecologically sustainable planet has been described, important sectors for the built environment have been identified and the environmental and sustainability programme for the district has been analysed. This study showed that the vision and operational goals put forward in the Stockholm Royal Seaport programme complies relatively well with the designed template. However, important deviations in all sectors but land use have been identified. These deviations arise in the translation process between theory and practice. The vision for the district and the implementation phase are not aligned due to too narrow a perspective of a sustainable urban district, lack of robust sustainability principles including use of such to identify key strategic questions. In addition to the lack of an all-embracing conceptual framework, there is also a lack of structures for cooperation between stakeholders and conflicts between local and regional agendas. Use of a unifying framework can describe desirable future scenarios where the local level does not contribute to violation of the universal sustainability principles and identify step-wise routes towards such scenarios.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2017
Keywords
Sustainable urban development, Framework for strategic sustainable development, Stockholm Royal Seaport, Sustainable district
National Category
Environmental Management
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-198867 (URN)10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.07.019 (DOI)000388775100008 ()2-s2.0-84994582556 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20170102

Available from: 2017-01-02 Created: 2016-12-22 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved
3. Implementing Smart Urban Metabolism in the Stockholm Royal Seaport: Smart City SRS
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Implementing Smart Urban Metabolism in the Stockholm Royal Seaport: Smart City SRS
Show others...
2015 (English)In: Journal of Industrial Ecology, ISSN 1088-1980, E-ISSN 1530-9290, Vol. 19, no 5, p. 917-929Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

For half a century, system scientists have relied on urban metabolism (UM) as a pragmatic framework to support the needed transition toward sustainable urban development. It has been suggested that information and communication technology (ICT) and, more specifically, smart cities can be leveraged in this transition. Given the recent advances in smart cities, smart urban metabolism (SUM) is considered a technology-enabled evolution of the UM framework, overcoming some of its current limitations. Most significantly, the SUM framework works at high temporal (up to real-time) and spatial (down to household/individual) resolutions. This article presents the first implementation of SUM in the Smart City Stockholm Royal Seaport R&D project; it further analyzes barriers and discusses the potential long-term implications of the findings. Four key performance indicators (KPIs) are generated in real time based on the integration of heterogeneous, real-time data sources. These are kilowatt-hours per square meter, carbon dioxide equivalents per capita, kilowatt-hours of primary energy per capita, and share of renewables percentage. These KPIs are fed back on three levels (household, building, and district) on four interfaces, developed for different audiences. The most challenging barrier identified was accessing and integrating siloed data from the different data owners (utilities, building owners, and so forth). It is hard to overcome unless a significant value is perceived. A number of long-term opportunities were described in the SUM context; among those, it is envisioned that SUM could enable a new understanding of the causalities that govern urbanism and allow citizens and city officials to receive feedback on the system consequences of their choices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2015
Keywords
augmented reality, big data, industrial ecology, smart cities, sustainable city, urban metabolism
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-172653 (URN)10.1111/jiec.12308 (DOI)000363267800020 ()2-s2.0-84949537790 (Scopus ID)
Note

QC 20151113

Available from: 2015-08-27 Created: 2015-08-27 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved
4. How to Evaluate Sustainable Urban District Developments?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How to Evaluate Sustainable Urban District Developments?
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keywords
evaluation, follow-up, sustainable urban development, Stockholm Royal Seaport, evaluation framework
National Category
Other Civil Engineering
Research subject
Industrial Ecology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239450 (URN)
Note

QC 20181123

Available from: 2018-11-23 Created: 2018-11-23 Last updated: 2018-11-23Bibliographically approved

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