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The energy transition history of fuelwood replacement for liquefied petroleum gas in Brazilian households from 1920 to 2016
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS. University of São Paulo, Institute of Energy and Environment, Research Group on Bioenergy, São Paulo, Brazil; Instituto 17, São Paulo, Brazil.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9905-8824
2018 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, E-ISSN 1873-6777, Vol. 123, p. 41-52Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In Brazil, there are almost ten million people relying on traditional use of biomass for cooking, which correspond to about five percent of the country's population. The vast majority lives in poor municipalities away from urban centers. The replacement of fuelwood for LPG is the result of an intense urbanization process and governmental intervention based on price regulation and subsidies. In 2015, the energy demand for cooking in the Brazilian households was 46 TJ, LPG covered 51% of the demand and the remaining 49% relied on fuelwood to supply the demand for energy. This study shows that there are enormous variations in the level of consumption and the types of fuels used due to the regional complexity of Brazil. In addition, it also shows the transition from fuelwood for cooking to modern fuels such as LPG does follow a consistent pattern in Brazil. Decisions related to energy consumption and fuel type are strongly influenced by accessibility, affordability and the convenience of the fuel. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2018. Vol. 123, p. 41-52
Keywords [en]
Affordable energy, Brazil, Energy poverty, Energy transition, Fuelwood, LPG, Economic and social effects, Energy utilization, Fuels, Wood products, Energy poverties, Energy transitions, Liquefied petroleum gas, energy market, energy resource, energy use
National Category
Environmental Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236583DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2018.08.041ISI: 000453499700005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85052089198OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-236583DiVA, id: diva2:1265815
Note

Export Date: 22 October 2018; Article; CODEN: ENPYA; Correspondence Address: Sanches-Pereira, A.; University of São Paulo, Institute of Energy and Environment, Research Group on BioenergyBrazil; email: perei@i17.org; Funding details: FAPESP, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; Funding details: UC Berkeley, University of California Berkeley; Funding details: 2014/50279-4, FAPESP, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; Funding details: 2014/03319-0, FAPESP, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; Funding details: 2014/22355-8, FAPESP, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; Funding details: 2012/51466-7, FAPESP, Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo; Funding text: Authors thanks FAPESP, the São Paulo Research Foundation because of its support through the grants 2012/51466-7 (bound grants 2014/03319-0 and 2014/22355-8 ) and 2014/50279-4 . Hence, this study is part of the bilateral project between Brazil and France entitled “ECOPA - Evolution of consumption patterns, economic convergence and carbon footprint of development: a comparison Brazil-France” . It is also part of the Project 27 from the Research Centre for Gas Innovation (RCGI). These results were presented on the International Conference on LPG, 1–2 September 2016 in Bhubaneswar, India. The event was organized by the Research and Development Initiative, together with the Indian Government and with the support of the University of Berkeley, California. Appendix A. QC 20181126

Available from: 2018-11-26 Created: 2018-11-26 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved

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