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The role of charging technologies in upscaling the use of electric buses in public transport: Experiences from demonstration projects
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS. KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Centres, Integrated Transport Research Lab, ITRL.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2896-8841
KTH, School of Industrial Engineering and Management (ITM), Energy Technology, Energy and Climate Studies, ECS.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7123-1824
2018 (English)In: Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, ISSN 0965-8564, E-ISSN 1879-2375, Vol. 118, p. 399-415Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Electrification of public bus transport services is currently being explored in various demonstration projects around the world. The objective of this paper is to (i) gather insights from electric bus demonstration projects with a focus on charging technologies (conductive, inductive) and strategies (slow, fast); and explore the role these factors may play as upscaling of electric bus deployment is considered. The focus is on the Nordic region. A survey with stakeholders involved with electric bus demonstration projects is performed for understanding the benefits and drawbacks of each solution, and identifying the main themes emerging from project implementation and upscaling. Advantages of the conductive charging include the maturity of the technology and its higher maximum charging power compared to currently available inductive alternatives. On the other hand, inductive technology entails other benefits, such as the lack of moving parts which could reduce the maintenance costs for infrastructure, as well as minimal visibility of the equipment. The main issues likely to impact the upscaling of electric bus use are related to the maturity, cost-effectiveness, compatibility, and charging efficiency of the available technologies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2018. Vol. 118, p. 399-415
Keywords [en]
Charging infrastructure, Charging technology, Electric bus, Public transport, Survey, Thematic analysis, Buses, Cost effectiveness, Demonstrations, Electric automobiles, Surveying, Surveys, Charging efficiency, Charging infrastructures, Conductive charging, Demonstration project, Project implementation, Bus transportation
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236561DOI: 10.1016/j.tra.2018.09.011ISI: 000452941000027Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85054178236OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-236561DiVA, id: diva2:1266123
Funder
Swedish Energy AgencyVattenfall AB
Note

QC 20181127

Available from: 2018-11-27 Created: 2018-11-27 Last updated: 2019-01-03Bibliographically approved

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Xylia, MariaSilveira, Semida

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