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Crowdsourced traffic information in traffic management: Evaluation of traffic information from Waze
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.
2018 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The early observation and elimination of non-recurring incidents is a crucial task in traffic management. The performance of the conventional incident detection methods (traffic cameras and other sensory technologies) is limited and there are still challenges in obtaining an accurate picture of the traffic conditions in real time. During the last decade, the technical development of mobile platforms and the growing online connectivity made it possible to obtain traffic information from social media and applications based on spatial crowdsourcing. Utilizing the benefits of crowdsourcing, traffic authorities can receive information about a more comprehensive number of incidents and can monitor areas which are not covered by the conventional incident detection systems. The crowdsourced traffic data can provide supplementary information for incidents already reported through other sources and it can contribute to earlier detection of incidents, which can lead to faster response and clearance time. Furthermore, spatial crowdsourcing can help to detect incident types, which are not collected systematically yet (e.g. potholes, traffic light faults, missing road signs). However, before exploiting crowdsourced traffic data in traffic management, numerous challenges need to be resolved, such as verification of the incident reports, predicting the severity of the crowdsourced incidents and integration with traffic data obtained from other sources.

During this thesis, the possibilities and challenges of utilizing spatial crowdsourcing technologies to detect non-recurring incidents were examined in form of a case study. Traffic incident alerts obtained from Waze, a navigation application using the concept of crowdsourcing, were analyzed and compared with officially verified incident reports in Stockholm. The thesis provides insight into the spatial and temporal characteristics of the Waze data. Moreover, a method to identify related Waze alerts and to determine matching incident reports from different sources is presented. The results showed that the number of reported incidents in Waze is 4,5 times higher than the number of registered incidents by the Swedish authorities. Furthermore, 27,5 % of the incidents could have been detected faster by using the traffic alerts from Waze. In addition, the severity of Waze alerts is examined depending on the attributes of the alerts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. , p. 64
Keywords [en]
Traffic incident management, Traffic monitoring, Traffic incident detection, Spatial crowdsourcing, Waze
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-239681OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-239681DiVA, id: diva2:1266883
External cooperation
Trafikverket; RISE Viktoria; Trafik Stockholm
Educational program
Master of Science - Transport and Geoinformation Technology
Presentation
2018-10-22, KTH, Stockholm, 15:34 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-11-29 Last updated: 2018-12-03Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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