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Qualitative characterization of nanoclay particle emissions from PP nanocomposites after thermal degradation
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2139-7460
2015 (English)In: ICCM International Conferences on Composite Materials, International Committee on Composite Materials , 2015Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The use of nanomaterials in polymeric materials is a rapidly expanding field, and the polymer nanocomposites are being introduced into various markets. But there is still little known about the fate of nanocomposites and nanoparticles during service life and end-of-life of the materials. To avoid possible environmental, health and safety problems, simulating different scenarios for nanoparticles release from the polymer matrix plays a key role in commercialization of these advanced materials. The polymer/nanoclay nanocomposites show superior material properties in comparison with the pure polymers, such as improved mechanical properties, heat resistance, flame retardancy and decreased gas permeability. Polypropylene (PP) nanocomposites have attracted a considerable interest due to the material's low cost, low density and extensive production volumes. In this study, in order to obtain reliable results regarding the release of nanoclays from PP nanocomposites, homogenous composite with predetermined content of nanoclay was produced and characterized to obtain information regarding content, dispersion and size of the nanoclays in the matrix. The PP nanocomposite was degraded under controlled conditions and the surface morphology as well as oxidation of the material was characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and infrared spectroscopy during degradation. A prototype environmental chamber was designed in order to collect nano-sized particles in a controlled manner and subsequent characterization of the released or formed particles was performed with transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and the exposed nanocomposite was analysed with thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
International Committee on Composite Materials , 2015.
Keywords [en]
Characterization, Degradation, Life cycle, Nanocomposite, Release
National Category
Polymer Chemistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-236920Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85053166607OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-236920DiVA, id: diva2:1269483
Conference
20th International Conference on Composite Materials, ICCM 2015, 19 July 2015 through 24 July 2015
Note

QC 20181210

Available from: 2018-12-10 Created: 2018-12-10 Last updated: 2018-12-10Bibliographically approved

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Strömberg, Emma

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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