Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
The influence of acetylation and sugar composition on the (in)solubility of mannans, their interaction with cellulose surfaces and thermal properties.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0277-2269
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Fibre- and Polymer Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8614-6291
Show others and affiliations
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
National Category
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-240496OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-240496DiVA, id: diva2:1272472
Note

QC 20190108

Available from: 2018-12-19 Created: 2018-12-19 Last updated: 2019-05-09Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Wood Hemicelluloses - Fundamental Insights on Biological and Technical Properties
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Wood Hemicelluloses - Fundamental Insights on Biological and Technical Properties
2018 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Hemicelluloses are a group of heterogeneous polysaccharides representing around 30 % of wood where the dominating types are xylans, glucomannans and xyloglucans. Hemicelluloses complex molecular structure makes it difficult to understand the relationship between structure and properties entirely, and their biological role is not yet fully verified. Additionally, hemicelluloses are sensitive to chemical processing and are not utilized to their full potentials for production of value-added products such as materials, additives to food and pharmaceutical products, etc. Increased knowledge regarding their functions is important for the development of both processes and products. The aim with this work has therefore been to increase the fundamental understanding about how the structure and properties of wood hemicelluloses are correlated, and properties such as flexibility, interaction with cellulose, solubility, resistance to chemical-, thermal-, and enzymatic degradation have been explored.

Molecular dynamics (MD) simulations were used to, in detail, study the structures found in wood hemicelluloses. The flexibility was evaluated by comparing the impact of backbone sugars on the conformational space and also the impact of side groups was considered. Based on the conformational space of backbone glycosidic linkages the flexibility order of hemicelluloses in an aqueous environment was determined to be: xylan > glucomannan > xyloglucan. Additionally, the impact of xylan structure on cellulose interaction was evaluated by MD methods.

Hemicelluloses were extracted from birch and spruce, and were used to fabricate different composite hydrogels with bacterial cellulose. These materials were studied with regards to mechanical properties, and it was shown that galactoglucomannans mainly contributed to an increased modulus in compression, whereas the most significant effect from xylan was increased strain under uniaxial tensile testing. Besides, other polysaccharides of similar structure as galactoglucomannans were modified and used as pure, well defined, models. Acetyl groups are naturally occurring decorations of wood hemicelluloses and can also be chemically introduced. Here, mannans with different degrees of acetylation were prepared and the influence of structure on solubility in water and the organic solvent DMSO were evaluated. Furthermore, the structure and water solubility influenced the interaction with cellulose. Acetylation also showed to increase the thermal and biological stability of mannans.

With chemical pulping processes in mind, the degradability of spruce galactoglucomannans in alkaline solution were studied with regards to the structure, and the content of more or less stable structural regions were proposed.

Abstract [sv]

Hemicellulosor är en grupp av heterogena polysackarider som utgör ca 30 % av trä och där de vanligaste typerna är xylaner, glukomannaner och xyloglukaner. Den komplexa strukturen gör det svårt att fullständigt förstå förhållandet mellan struktur och egenskaper, och deras biologiska roll är ännu inte fullständigt kartlagd. Dessutom är hemicellulosor känsliga för kemiska processer och tas inte tillvara på bästa sätt för att tillverka förädlade produkter så som nya material eller användas som additiv till livsmedel och farmaceutiska produkter etc. En ökad kunskap om deras funktion är viktig för utvecklingen av både processer och material. Målet med detta arbete har därför varit att öka den fundamentala förståelsen för hur struktur och egenskaper hos hemicellulosor från trä hänger ihop. Egenskaper så som flexibilitet, interaktion med cellulosa, löslighet, samt kemisk-, termisk- och biologisk stabilitet har utvärderats.

Molekyldynamiska (MD) simuleringar användes för att studera strukturer som återfinns i hemicellulosor på detaljnivå. Flexibiliteten utvärderades med avseende på hur konformationsrymden påverkades av vilka monosackarider som ingick i huvudkedjan, samt påverkan från sidogrupper. Baserat på huvudkedjan bör flexibilitetsordningen för studerade hemicellulosor i vattenlösning vara: xylan > glukomannan > xyloglukan. Dessutom användes MD simuleringar för att analysera hur strukturen hos xylaner påverkar interaktionen med cellulosa.

Hemicellulosor extraherades från björk och gran, och användes för att producera flera olika komposithydrogeler med bakteriell cellulosa. Dessa material studerades bland annat med avseende på de mekaniska egenskaperna och de tydligaste observationerna var att galaktoglukomannan bidrog till en ökad kompressionsmodul, medan xylan framförallt ökade töjbarheten i dragprov. Dessutom modifierades modellpolysackarider med liknande struktur som galaktoglukomannan och användes som extra rena och väldefinierade modellsystem. Acetylgrupper förekommer naturligt som sidogrupper på hemicellulosor och de kan även introduceras via kemisk modifiering. I detta projekt tillverkades mannaner med olika acetyleringsgrad och hur strukturen påverkade lösligheten i vatten och det organiska lösningsmedlet DMSO utvärderades. Det visade sig även att strukturen och lösligheten i vatten påverkade interaktionen med cellulosa. Acetyleringen hade också en positiv effekt på den biologiska och termiska stabiliteten.

Med kemiska massaprocesser i åtanke studerades nedbrytbarheten hos galaktoglukomannaner från gran i alkalisk lösning med avseende på strukturen och förekomsten av mer eller mindre stabila strukturella regioner föreslogs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm, Sweden: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2018. p. 82
Series
TRITA-CBH-FOU ; 2018:63
Keywords
hemicellulose, wood, glucomannan, xylan, structure, acetylation, flexibility, solubility, interaction with cellulose, stability., hemicellulosa, trä, glukomannan, xylan, struktur, acetylering, flexibilitet, löslighet, interaktion med cellulosa, stabilitet.
National Category
Wood Science Chemical Sciences Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology Plant Biotechnology
Research subject
Fibre and Polymer Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-240982 (URN)978-91-7873-068-1 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-02-01, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Note

QC 20190107

Available from: 2019-01-07 Created: 2019-01-07 Last updated: 2019-01-07Bibliographically approved
2. On the Solubility of Wood Hemicelluloses in Water and its Influence on the Adsorption at Cellulose/Water Interfaces
Open this publication in new window or tab >>On the Solubility of Wood Hemicelluloses in Water and its Influence on the Adsorption at Cellulose/Water Interfaces
2019 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Hemicelluloses are a group of natural polysaccharides and one of the main components of wood. The availability and biodegradability of these polymers have created a great interest in developing new bio-based materials or composites from these materials for different end-use purposes. To develop new materials from these polysaccharides with better functionalities, it is essential to understand the fundamental properties of these compounds. The solubility of hemicelluloses is one of these crucial characteristics since the material has to be dissolved in an appropriate solvent if these biopolymers are to be used in, for example, dense and strong films once the solvents are removed. The interaction of these polysaccharides with different solid surfaces is also significantly influenced by their solubility at the surface/water interface and an understanding of this interaction is essential for describing composite formation, since the polysaccharides are most frequently used together with reinforcing materials such as anisotropic cellulose fibers and fibrils.

In the work described in this thesis, a novel methodology has been developed for characterizing in detail the solubility of the extracted and model mannans, arabinoxylans and xyloglucan polysaccharides. Different chemical structural analyses, chromatography, light scattering and microscopy techniques have been applied to achieve an accurate understanding of the solubility of the polysaccharides in aqueous media. A careful study has been performed to isolate and purify softwood polysaccharides, followed by the preparation of model samples to investigate the influence of processing, structural substitutions and molar mass on the solubility. Association and the phase separation of hemicelluloses have been identified in aqueous media despite their clear and transparent appearance to the naked eye.

Natural hemicelluloses are used in combination with cellulose as composite materials both to introduce different functionalities and to utilize the great mechanical properties of cellulose fibrils/fibers. Accordingly, there was a great need to study the influence of the solubility on the interaction and adsorption of these polysaccharides at the cellulose/water interface. The adsorption at the cellulose/water interface was indeed affected by the physicochemical structures and solubility of the polysaccharides, and it has been shown that an increasing molar mass and an increasing polymer concentration lead to formation of associated structures and a phase separation at cellulose model surfaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 2019. p. 60
Series
TRITA-CBH-FOU ; 2019:29
Keywords
Wood, Hemicellulose, Solubility, Adsorption, Interaction, Cellulose, Size distribution
National Category
Polymer Technologies
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-251110 (URN)978-91-7873-190-9 (ISBN)
Public defence
2019-06-07, F3, Lindstedtsvägen 26, Stockholm, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Note

QC 2019-05-09

Available from: 2019-05-09 Created: 2019-05-09 Last updated: 2019-05-13Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Authority records BETA

Berglund, Jenniede Carvalho, Danila MoraisLawoko, MartinWohlert, JakobHenriksson, GunnarLindström, MikaelWågberg, LarsVilaplana, Francisco

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Berglund, JennieKishani, Sainade Carvalho, Danila MoraisLawoko, MartinWohlert, JakobHenriksson, GunnarLindström, MikaelWågberg, LarsVilaplana, Francisco
By organisation
Fibre- and Polymer TechnologyGlycoscience
Paper, Pulp and Fiber Technology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 1224 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf