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The implication of road toll discount for mode choice: Intercity travel during the chinese spring festival holiday
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, System Analysis and Economics.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-7124-7164
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Civil and Architectural Engineering, Transport Planning, Economics and Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6966-9077
2018 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 8, article id 2700Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Intercity travel congestion during the main national holidays takes place every year at different places around the world. Charge reduction measurements on existing toll roads have been implemented to promote an efficient use of the expressways and to reduce congestion on the public transit networks. However, some of these policies have had negative effects. A more comprehensive understanding of the determinants of holiday intercity travel patterns is critical for better policymaking. This paper aims to investigate the effectiveness of the road toll discount policy on mode choice behavior for intercity travel. A mixed logit model is developed to model the mode choices of intercity travelers, which is estimated based on survey data about intercity journeys from Beijing during the 2017 Chinese Spring Festival holiday. The policy impact is further discussed by elasticity and scenario simulations. The results indicate that the expressway toll discount does increase the car use and decrease the public transit usage. Given the decreased toll on expressways, the demand tends to shift from car to public transit, in an order of coach, high-speed rail, conventional rail, and airplane. When it comes to its effect on socio-demographic groups, men and lower-income travelers are identified to be more likely to change mode in response to variation of road toll. Finally, policy effectiveness is found to vary for travelers in different travel distance groups. Conclusions provide useful insights on road pricing management.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2018. Vol. 10, no 8, article id 2700
Keywords [en]
Chinese Spring Festival holiday, Intercity travel, Mixed logit model, Mode choice, Road toll discount, Travel distance, high-speed train, management practice, motorway, numerical model, policy making, public transport, road, road pricing, traffic congestion, Beijing [China], China
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-238056DOI: 10.3390/su10082700ISI: 000446767700116Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85051057190OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-238056DiVA, id: diva2:1278826
Note

QC 20190115

Available from: 2019-01-15 Created: 2019-01-15 Last updated: 2019-01-18Bibliographically approved

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Susilo, YusakChengxi, Liu

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