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Real-time plasma state monitoring and supervisory control on TCV
Eindhoven Univ Technol, Control Syst Technol Grp, Dept Mech Engn, POB 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands.;Eindhoven Univ Technol, POB 513, NL-5600 MB Eindhoven, Netherlands..
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Fusion Plasma Physics.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9546-4494
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Fusion Plasma Physics.
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Fusion Plasma Physics.
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2019 (English)In: Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, E-ISSN 1741-4326, Vol. 59, no 2, article id 026017Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In ITER and DEMO, various control objectives related to plasma control must be simultaneously achieved by the plasma control system (PCS), in both normal operation as well as off-normal conditions. The PCS must act on off-normal events and deviations from the target scenario, since certain sequences (chains) of events can precede disruptions. It is important that these decisions are made while maintaining a coherent prioritization between the real-time control tasks to ensure high-performance operation. In this paper, a generic architecture for task-based integrated plasma control is proposed. The architecture is characterized by the separation of state estimation, event detection, decisions and task execution among different algorithms, with standardized signal interfaces. Central to the architecture are a plasma state monitor and supervisory controller. In the plasma state monitor, discrete events in the continuous-valued plasma state arc modeled using finite state machines. This provides a high-level representation of the plasma state. The supervisory controller coordinates the execution of multiple plasma control tasks by assigning task priorities, based on the finite states of the plasma and the pulse schedule. These algorithms were implemented on the TCV digital control system and integrated with actuator resource management and existing state estimation algorithms and controllers. The plasma state monitor on TCV can track a multitude of plasma events, related to plasma current, rotating and locked neoclassical tearing modes, and position displacements. In TCV experiments on simultaneous control of plasma pressure, safety factor profile and NTMs using electron cyclotron heating (ECI I) and current drive (ECCD), the supervisory controller assigns priorities to the relevant control tasks. The tasks are then executed by feedback controllers and actuator allocation management. This work forms a significant step forward in the ongoing integration of control capabilities in experiments on TCV, in support of tokamak reactor operation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institute of Physics (IOP), 2019. Vol. 59, no 2, article id 026017
Keywords [en]
real-time control, supervisory control, control of tokamak plasmas
National Category
Physical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-242971DOI: 10.1088/1741-4326/aaf451ISI: 000455823900003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-242971DiVA, id: diva2:1287940
Note

QC 20190212

Available from: 2019-02-12 Created: 2019-02-12 Last updated: 2019-02-12Bibliographically approved

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Frassinetti, LorenzoHellsten, TorbjörnPetersson, PerTolias, PanagiotisVallejos, Pablo

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Frassinetti, LorenzoFridström, RichardGarcia-Carrasco, AlvaroHellsten, TorbjörnJonsson, T.Petersson, PerRatynskaia, SvetlanaTolias, PanagiotisVallejos, PabloVignitchouk, Ladislas
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