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Urban Form and Mobility Choices: Informing about Sustainable Travel Alternatives, Carbon Emissions and Energy Use from Transportation in Swedish Neighbourhoods
KTH, School of Architecture and the Built Environment (ABE), Urban Planning and Environment, Urban and Regional Studies.
2019 (English)In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 2, article id 548Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The lack of mobility choices in many Swedish neighbourhoods and cities designed for automobiles hinders the possibilities to shift towards more sustainable travel alternatives. Urban designers and planners can help with redesigning these neighbourhoods and creating urban forms that encourage walking, cycling and increased use of public transportation if they are informed about the environmental performance and carbon implications of transportation systems in existing and newly planned neighbourhoods. This paper proposes a mobility choices model based on urban form and accessibility factors commonly used in urban planning and design practices. The mobility choices model produces heat maps and visually informs about the integration with walking, cycling, public transportation and private car, modal shares, carbon emissions and transportation energy use. This information can (potentially) trigger urban transformation or redesign to better integrate sustainable travel alternatives in these neighbourhoods and contribute to more sustainable cities. Many houses can have an excellent environmental performance as buildings but they can be located at a distance where it is impossible to walk, cycle or use public transportation. The benefits of energy efficient and carbon neutral home then disappears with extensive travel and commuting by automobile.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI , 2019. Vol. 11, no 2, article id 548
Keywords [en]
urban form, mobility choices, transportation, environmental performance, modal split, energy use, carbon emissions
National Category
Civil Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-244124DOI: 10.3390/su11020548ISI: 000457129900252Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85060283774OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-244124DiVA, id: diva2:1289548
Note

QC 20190218

Available from: 2019-02-18 Created: 2019-02-18 Last updated: 2019-02-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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