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Reaching a Quantum Consensus: Master Equations That Generate Symmetrization and Synchronization
Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Engn, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia..
Univ New S Wales, Sch Informat Technol & Engn, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia..
Univ New S Wales, Sch Informat Technol & Engn, Canberra, ACT 2600, Australia..
KTH, School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science (EECS), Automatic Control. Royal Inst Technol, Sch Elect Engn, ACCESS Linnaeus Ctr, S-10044 Stockholm, Sweden..ORCID iD: 0000-0001-9940-5929
2016 (English)In: IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control, ISSN 0018-9286, E-ISSN 1558-2523, Vol. 61, no 2, p. 374-387Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In this paper, we propose and study amaster-equation based approach to drive a quantum network with n qubits to a consensus (symmetric) state introduced by Mazzarella et al. The state evolution of the quantum network is described by a Lindblad master equation with the Lindblad terms generated by continuous-time swapping operators, which also introduce an underlying interaction graph. We establish a graphical method that bridges the proposed quantum consensus scheme and classical consensus dynamics by studying an induced graph (with 2(2n) nodes) of the quantum interaction graph (with n qubits). A fundamental connection is then shown that quantum consensus over the quantum graph is equivalent to componentwise classical consensus over the induced graph, which allows various existing works on classical consensus to be applicable to the quantum setting. Some basic scaling and structural properties of the quantum induced graph are established via combinatorial analysis. Necessary and sufficient conditions for exponential and asymptotic quantum consensus are obtained, respectively, for switching quantum interaction graphs. As a quantum analogue of classical synchronization of coupled oscillators, quantum synchronization conditions are also presented, in which the reduced states of all qubits tend to a common trajectory.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC , 2016. Vol. 61, no 2, p. 374-387
Keywords [en]
Consensus seeking, quantum networks, qubits synchronization
National Category
Mathematics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-242714DOI: 10.1109/TAC.2015.2434034ISI: 000370428800007Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84962014126OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-242714DiVA, id: diva2:1290249
Note

QC 20190220

Available from: 2019-02-20 Created: 2019-02-20 Last updated: 2019-02-20Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, Karl H.

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