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Evaluation of friction behavior and surface interactions of cyano-based ionic liquids under different sliding contacts and high vacuum condition
Japan.
KTH, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health (CBH), Chemistry, Surface and Corrosion Science.
Japan.
Japan.
2018 (English)In: Lubricants, ISSN 2075-4442, Vol. 6, no 3, article id 69Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The friction coefficients of ionic liquids were evaluated by many investigations. Most investigations used fluorine-based ionic liquids as lubricants. However, these ionic liquids produce the corrosion wear. This investigation focuses on the use of cyano-based ionic liquids as lubricants. Compared to fluorine-based ionic liquids, cyano-based ionic liquids exhibit high friction coefficients against steel material. This work examines how the friction coefficients of cyano-based ionic liquids are influenced by the type of sliding material used (AISI 52100, TiO2, and tetrahedral amorphous carbon). TiO2 lubricated with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium tricyanomethanide, and ta-C lubricated with 1-butyl-1methylpyrrolidinium tetracyanoborate exhibited very low friction coefficients, smaller than fluorine-based ionic liquids. Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry analysis showed that anions adsorb onto the worn surface, suggesting that anion adsorption is a critical parameter influencing friction coefficients. Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry measurements revealed that cations decompose on the nascent surface, preventing adsorption on the worn surface. These results suggest that low friction coefficients require the decomposition of cations and adsorption of anions. The reactivity of nascent surface changes with the sliding material used due to varying catalytic activity of the nascent surfaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
MDPI AG , 2018. Vol. 6, no 3, article id 69
Keywords [en]
Cyano-based ionic liquids, Quadrupolemass spectrometer, Tribo-chemical reaction, Vacuum
National Category
Chemical Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-247197DOI: 10.3390/lubricants6030069ISI: 000448335500013Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85056378000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-247197DiVA, id: diva2:1306041
Note

QC 20190423

Available from: 2019-04-23 Created: 2019-04-23 Last updated: 2019-04-23Bibliographically approved

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Watanabe, Seiya

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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