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How to find magnetic nulls and reconstruct field topology with MMS data?
Uppsala universitet, Institutet för rymdfysik, Uppsalaavdelningen.
Uppsala universitet, Institutet för rymdfysik, Uppsalaavdelningen.ORCID-id: 0000-0003-1654-841x
Uppsala universitet, Institutet för rymdfysik, Uppsalaavdelningen.
Katholieke Univ Leuven, Ctr Math Plasma Astrophys, Dept Math, Leuven, Belgium.;Main Astron Observ NAS, Kiev, Ukraine..
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2015 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Geophysical Research - Space Physics, ISSN 2169-9380, E-ISSN 2169-9402, Vol. 120, nr 5, s. 3758-3782Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

In this study, we apply a new method-the first-order Taylor expansion (FOTE)-to find magnetic nulls and reconstruct magnetic field topology, in order to use it with the data from the forthcoming MMS mission. We compare this method with the previously used Poincare index (PI), and find that they are generally consistent, except that the PI method can only find a null inside the spacecraft (SC) tetrahedron, while the FOTE method can find a null both inside and outside the tetrahedron and also deduce its drift velocity. In addition, the FOTE method can (1) avoid limitations of the PI method such as data resolution, instrument uncertainty (Bz offset), and SC separation; (2) identify 3-D null types (A, B, As, and Bs) and determine whether these types can degenerate into 2-D (X and O); (3) reconstruct the magnetic field topology. We quantitatively test the accuracy of FOTE in positioning magnetic nulls and reconstructing field topology by using the data from 3-D kinetic simulations. The influences of SC separation (0.05 similar to 1 d(i)) and null-SC distance (0 similar to 1 d(i)) on the accuracy are both considered. We find that (1) for an isolated null, the method is accurate when the SC separation is smaller than 1 d(i), and the null-SC distance is smaller than 0.25 similar to 0.5 d(i); (2) for a null pair, the accuracy is same as in the isolated-null situation, except at the separator line, where the field is nonlinear. We define a parameter xi vertical bar(lambda(1) +lambda(2) +lambda(3))vertical bar/vertical bar lambda vertical bar(max) in terms of the eigenvalues (lambda(i)) of the null to quantify the quality of our method-the smaller this parameter the better the results. Comparing to the previously used parameter (eta vertical bar del center dot B vertical bar/vertical bar del x B vertical bar), xi is more relevant for null identification. Using the new method, we reconstruct the magnetic field topology around a radial-type null and a spiral-type null, and find that the topologies are well consistent with those predicted in theory. We therefore suggest using this method to find magnetic nulls and reconstruct field topology with four-point measurements, particularly from Cluster and the forthcoming MMS mission. For the MMS mission, this null-finding algorithm can be used to trigger its burst-mode measurements.

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2000 Florida Ave NW Washington, DC 20009, USA: American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2015. Vol. 120, nr 5, s. 3758-3782
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-253252DOI: 10.1002/2015JA021082ISI: 000357869600035Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84934989859OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-253252DiVA, id: diva2:1324667
Tillgänglig från: 2019-06-14 Skapad: 2019-06-14 Senast uppdaterad: 2019-06-18Bibliografiskt granskad

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