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Aging of low-temperature derived highly flexible nanostructured TiO 2 /P3HT hybrid films during bending
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2019 (English)In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, ISSN 2050-7488, Vol. 7, no 17, p. 10805-10814Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To meet the demand for low-cost, lightweight, portable and building-integrated solar cells, developing flexible and cost-efficient photo-active hybrid films is of significant interest. In this work, we investigate the mechanical properties of hybrid layers consisting of mesoporous TiO 2 filled with poly(3-hexylthiophene-2,5-diyl) (P3HT) as a function of the number of bending cycles. The TiO 2 /P3HT layers are deposited on flexible PET substrates at low temperatures (≤140 °C), which is beneficial for reducing the processing energy input and in turn lowering the production costs. Non-filled and partially filled mesoporous titania films are studied for comparison. The surface morphology is examined with scanning electron microscopy (SEM) before and after the bending tests. The inner film morphology is characterized with grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering (GISAXS). Based on the observed morphology, micromechanical models are used to analyze the mechanical properties of the investigated films. The results show that the TiO 2 /P3HT layers have a low elastic modulus and P3HT helps to stabilize the titania nanostructures against fracture. The SEM observations are well explained with the established models in a quantitative way.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal Society of Chemistry , 2019. Vol. 7, no 17, p. 10805-10814
Keywords [en]
Bending tests, Costs, Mechanical properties, Scanning electron microscopy, Substrates, Surface morphology, Temperature, Titanium dioxide, X ray scattering, Building integrated, Grazing incidence small-angle X-ray scattering, Low elastic modulus, Mesoporous titania, Micromechanical model, Nano-structured TiO2, Poly(3-hexylthiophene-2, 5-diyl), Titania nanostructures, Morphology
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Materials Chemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:kth:diva-252233DOI: 10.1039/c9ta01544bISI: 000472183200069Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85064970979OAI: oai:DiVA.org:kth-252233DiVA, id: diva2:1324750
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QC 20190614

Available from: 2019-06-14 Created: 2019-06-14 Last updated: 2019-07-29Bibliographically approved

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Roth, Stephan V.

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Fibre- and Polymer Technology
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